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Varning - Klämrisk!: Lärares autonomi som ett multidimensionellt fenomen
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Educational Sciences, Department of Education.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Educational Sciences, Department of Education.
2016 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Den här studien ämnar undersöka hur lärare uppfattar sin autonomi inom olika områden av deras yrke och fungerar som en förstudie till ett forskningsprojekt. Begreppet autonomi är mångfacetterat, men kontroll över yrket och inflytande över beslutsprocesser utgör en stor del av det. Uppsatsen fokuserar på lärare i grundskolan och gymnasiet. Tre forskningsfrågor formulerades för att fånga in begreppet autonomi. Dessa är: Hur uppfattar lärare sin professionella autonomi?, Hur skiljer sig lärares uppfattningar angående olika dimensioner av autonomi (olika nivåer och olika områden i yrkeslivet)? samt Hur väl korrelerar olika delar av lärares uppfattade autonomi med varandra?. Studiens empiri samlades in genom kvantitativ metod i form av en webbenkät vilken 93 personer svarade på. Merparten av lärarna svarade på enkäten via facebookgrupper även om flera olika kanaler användes för att nå ut till möjliga respondenter. Det teoretiska ramverket består i Frostensons tre nivåer av autonomi, LaCoes sex komponenter gällande lärares yrkesautonomi och Ballous individuella autonomi vilka tillsammans skapar en multidimensionell konstruktion. Tidigare forskning behandlar hur de senaste decenniernas skolreformer i Sverige omformat lärarprofessionen men består också i utländsk forskning gällande lärare och deras autonomi.

                      Uppsatsens resultat visar att lärare uppfattar sin autonomi som både stor och liten beroende på vilket område av autonomi som åsyftas. Respondenterna anser sig ha litet inflytande gällande ekonomiska beslut vilka även visar sig vara de beslut de uppfattar är viktigast i skolans verksamhet. Vidare uppfattar lärarna som svarade på enkäten sin autonomi som hög vad gäller sådant som rör deras klassrumsmiljö och undervisning. 

Abstract [en]

This study serves as a pilot study for a research project and aims to investigate how teachers perceive their autonomy in different domains of their profession. Autonomy as a concept is multifaceted but control over the profession and influence in decision-making processes constitute a great part of it. The study focuses on primary, secondary and high school teachers. Three research questions were formed to capture the term autonomy. These are: How do teachers perceive their professional autonomy?, How do teachers perceptions differ in the various dimensions of autonomy (different levels and domains of the worklife)? and How well do various domains of teachers perceived autonomy correlate?. The data of the study was collected by quantitative method via a web-based questionnaire which was answered by 93 persons. The main part of the teachers answered the questionnaire through facebook groups despite having used several other different channels to reach out to possible respondents. The theoretical framework consists of Frostenson’s three different levels of autonomy, LaCoe’s six components of teacher autonomy and Ballou’s themes within individual autonomy which together create a multidimensional construction. Previous research discusses how school reforms of the recent decades in Sweden have reshaped the teaching profession but it also consists of foreign research of teachers and their autonomy.

                      The results of the study indicates that teachers perceive their degree of autonomy as both high and low depending on what domain referred to. The respondents consider themselves having a small influence regarding economical decisions which also is considered the most important decisions in school’s activities. Furthermore the teachers who responded perceive their degree of autonomy as high regarding the classroom environment and teaching.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. , 60 p.
Series
Examensarbete vid Institutionen för pedagogik, didaktik och utbildningsstudier
Keyword [en]
Teacher, autonomy, teaching profession, professional autonomy
Keyword [sv]
Lärare, autonomi, läraryrke, yrkesautonomi
National Category
Pedagogy
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-295748OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-295748DiVA: diva2:934629
Subject / course
Adult and Working Life Education, Advanced Course C
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2016-06-10 Created: 2016-06-09 Last updated: 2016-06-10Bibliographically approved

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