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New Novgorod?: On the Russian Church in Visby and Hidden Social Structures
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Archaeology and Ancient History, Archaeology.
2016 (English)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

The Russian community living in medieval Visby (ca. 1150-1400) is, although known, almost entirely invisible in historical texts. Considering the importance of Russian trade on the Baltic, this generates suspicion as to how they were received by the host society. The present study aims to illuminate these Russians of Visby from a diaspora perspective and attempt to understand their place within the city’s social structure. To achieve this, bones from the ca. 30 graves of the Russian Church in Visby, which was excavated in 1971 and is curated by Gotland’s Museum, was analyzed osteologically. Data from this examination was then woven together into a representation of social structure using a multiple correspondence analysis, which was compared with 20 individuals from the contemporary German-Gotlandic majority population (St. Hans in Visby). From this analysis emerged a picture of what the elusive Russian community looked like and what place it held, socially, in the city. 

Abstract [sv]

Det ryska samhället i medeltida Visby (ca. 1150-1400) är, fastän känt, nästan helt osynligt i historiska texter. Med tanke på hur viktig handeln med Ryssland var på Östersjön verkar denna osynlighet egenartad, och leder till funderingar kring vilken ställning ryssarna egentligen hade i Visby. Den aktuella studien ämnar belysa dessa ryssar utifrån ett diaspora-perspektiv, och i samband med detta försöka förstå deras plats i stadens samhällsstruktur. För att nå detta mål analyserades osteologiskt ca. 30 gravar från ryska kyrkan i Visby, som grävdes ut 1971 och för närvarande förvaras på Gotlands Museum. Grunddata från analysen vävdes sedan samman för att skapa en bild av den sociala strukturen – genom en multipel korrespondensanalys – som sedan jämfördes med en liknande analys av 20 individer från den samtida tysk-gotländska majoritetsbefolkningen (S:t Hans i Visby). Dessa analyser ledde slutligen till en bild av Visbys ryska samhälle och dess sociala ställning i staden. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016.
Keyword [en]
Russian Church, Russians, medieval Visby, Visby, St. Hans, osteology, paleopathology, social structure, multiple correspondence analysis, MCA
Keyword [sv]
Ryska kyrkan, ryssar, medeltida Visby, Visby, S:t Hans, osteologi, paleopatologi, samhällsstruktur, multipel korrespondensanalys, MCA
National Category
Archaeology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-295899OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-295899DiVA: diva2:935395
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Available from: 2016-06-10 Created: 2016-06-10 Last updated: 2016-06-10Bibliographically approved

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