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Fins, gills and fishermen: The socio-economic impacts of marine conservation in southern Indonesia
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Earth Sciences, Department of Earth Sciences.
2016 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

Sharks and manta rays are being heavily fished in Indonesia due to Asian demand for shark fins and manta gill rakers. The Indonesian government passed legislation in February 2014 to protect the two species of manta rays. A number of shark species have also been protected or banned from export. A major factor in this decision was the proven economic benefits from ecotourism compared to the economic benefits from the shark finning and manta gill industry.However, previous research on marine conservation underlines that there is a lack of social scientific studies on the socio-economic impacts that marine conservation have on stakeholder fishing communities. In an attempt to start filling this gap of knowledge, the purpose of this thesis was to investigate how the shark and manta ray conservation efforts affect the socio-economic situation of different stakeholder fishing communities in Indonesia. Fieldwork was done in fishing communities in the Komodo and Nusa Penida regions, together with the fishing village Tanjung Luar in Lombok, where people in fishing communities were interviewed about their livelihood situation. The study found that the impacts of marine conservation on the economic situation for stakeholder fishermen affects their attitude towards and compliance with marine conservation efforts. If no profitable economic alternatives are given to fishing, fishing communities have a lower degree of compliance with conservation efforts.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. , 53 p.
Examensarbete vid Institutionen för geovetenskaper, ISSN 1650-6553 ; 291
Keyword [en]
Sustainable development, fisheries management, marine conservation, development, stakeholder participation, tourism, Indonesia
National Category
Earth and Related Environmental Sciences
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-296160OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-296160DiVA: diva2:936443
Subject / course
Sustainable development
Educational program
Master Programme in Sustainable Development
2016-06-02, Hambergssalen, Geocentrum, Villavägen 16, Uppsala, 07:09 (English)
Available from: 2016-06-14 Created: 2016-06-14 Last updated: 2016-06-14Bibliographically approved

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