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Negotiating humanitarian access with  Armed Non-State Actors in conflict- affected communities in El Salvador: The case of las maras
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Theology, Department of Theology.
2016 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

This thesis set out to research how humanitarian access is negotiated with the maras  in El Salvador in order to assist in-need communities. A theoretical and conceptual  framework based on the New Wars Theory and human-needs based negotiations was  used to analyze the research findings, with the aim of developing a deeper  understanding of humanitarian negotiations with Armed-Non-State Actors in today’s  Salvadoran armed conflict. In total, thirteen interviews were conducted with  participants who have negotiated with the maras in order to gain effective  humanitarian access. The main findings of this thesis suggest that negotiations are  complex and context-specific, moving beyond materialistic needs and going deeper  towards an understanding of societal needs. The main mechanisms employed by the  participants are the use of local mediation to facilitate the negotiation process and the  creation of trust-based relationships around basic human needs. In addition, the  findings show that the community plays an important role, not only as initial mediators  but also as safety networks for the humanitarian actors. Finally, the importance of  coordination, neutrality, impartiality and communication flows are highlighted as  factors that determine the effectiveness of the negotiation.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. , 122 p.
Keyword [en]
negotiation, humanitarian access, gang, urban warfare
Keyword [es]
National Category
Other Social Sciences not elsewhere specified
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-296262OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-296262DiVA: diva2:936976
Subject / course
International Humanitarian Action
Educational program
Master Programme in International Humanitarian Action
Available from: 2016-06-16 Created: 2016-06-14 Last updated: 2016-06-16Bibliographically approved

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