Negotiating humanitarian access with Armed Non-State Actors in conflict- affected communities in El Salvador: The case of las maras
Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
This thesis set out to research how humanitarian access is negotiated with the maras in El Salvador in order to assist in-need communities. A theoretical and conceptual framework based on the New Wars Theory and human-needs based negotiations was used to analyze the research findings, with the aim of developing a deeper understanding of humanitarian negotiations with Armed-Non-State Actors in today’s Salvadoran armed conflict. In total, thirteen interviews were conducted with participants who have negotiated with the maras in order to gain effective humanitarian access. The main findings of this thesis suggest that negotiations are complex and context-specific, moving beyond materialistic needs and going deeper towards an understanding of societal needs. The main mechanisms employed by the participants are the use of local mediation to facilitate the negotiation process and the creation of trust-based relationships around basic human needs. In addition, the findings show that the community plays an important role, not only as initial mediators but also as safety networks for the humanitarian actors. Finally, the importance of coordination, neutrality, impartiality and communication flows are highlighted as factors that determine the effectiveness of the negotiation.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. , 122 p.
negotiation, humanitarian access, gang, urban warfare
Other Social Sciences not elsewhere specified
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-296262OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-296262DiVA: diva2:936976
Subject / course
International Humanitarian Action
Master Programme in International Humanitarian Action
Paula-Parra, Luz, Dr
Westerlund, Katarina, Dr