PENSION REFORM IN TURKEY: HOW HAS IT AFFECTED FEMALE LABOR SUPPLY DECISIONS?
Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
This paper estimates the 1999 Turkish reform’s effect on female labor force participation rate (LFP) and its components, which are among the main problematic aspects of Turkish Social Security. The results show that the reform increased the LFP rate of women by 1.6 percentage points while decreasing the men’s participation rate by 2 percentage points. Estimations are inconclusive to interpret the male results since male LFP rates are not robust. The increase in female LFP rate is mostly rooted from the increase in formal employment rate, which is the main aim of the reform. Yet women’s informal employment prob-lem has slightly worsened with the reform. Thus, the 1999-reform was successful for increasing the fe-male formal employment but it might need further adjustments to prevent women’s participation in the informal sector. Lastly, the estimations point out that even though the LFP of women increased, the mag-nitude of this increase is not enough to catch the OECD levels.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Social security reform, female labor force participation, informal employment, for-mal employment, labor economics, difference-in-differences estimation
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-296399OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-296399DiVA: diva2:937912
Lisa, Laun, Forskare
Bengtsson, Niklas, Biträdande universitetslektor