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Load following with a passive reactor core using the SPARC design
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Applied Nuclear Physics. (Avdelningen för fission)
2016 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

This thesis is a follow up on "SPARC fast reactor design: Design of two passively metal-fuelled sodium-cooled pool-type small modular fast reactors with Autonomous Reactivity Control" by Tobias Lindström (2015). In this thesis the two reactors designed by Lindström in said thesis were evaluated. The goal was to determine the reactors ability to load follow as well as the burnup of the neutron absorber used in the passive control system.

To be able to determine the dynamic behaviour of the reactors the reactivity feedbacks of the cores were modelled using Serpent, a Monte Carlo simulation software for 3D neutron transport calculations. These feedbacks were then implemented into a dynamic simulation of the core, primary and secondary circulation and steam generator. The secondary circulation and feedwater flow were used to regulate steam temperature and turbine power. The core was left at constant coolant flow and no control rods were used.

The simulations showed that the reactor was able to load follow between 100 % and 40 % of rated power at a speed of 6 % per minute. It was also shown that the reactor could safely adjust its power between 100 % and 10 % of rated power suggesting that load following is possible below 40 % of rated power but at a lower speed. Finally the reactors were allowed compensate for the variations in a week of the Latvian wind power production in order to show one possible application of the reactor.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. , 54 p.
Series
UPTEC ES, ISSN 1650-8300 ; 16023
Keyword [en]
Nuclear physics, fast reactors, load following, metal cooled fast reactor, SFR, sodium cooled fast reactor, NPP, SPARC, ARC, battery core
National Category
Energy Engineering Engineering and Technology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-296803OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-296803DiVA: diva2:939825
Educational program
Master Programme in Energy Systems Engineering
Presentation
2016-05-30, 11:23 (English)
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2016-06-23 Created: 2016-06-20 Last updated: 2016-08-08Bibliographically approved

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