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Skolsköterskors inställning till gymnasieungdomars övervikt och hur det påverkar deras arbete
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences.
2016 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Syftet med studien var att undersöka skolsköterskors inställning till gymnasieungdomars övervikt. Studien genomfördes med hjälp av två fokusgruppsintervjuer. Den första gruppen bestod av tre skolsköterskor och den andra av fem. Data har analyserats med kvalitativ innehållsanalys. De tre kategorier som kom fram var övervikt som hälsoproblem, bedömning och diagnostik och hälsofrämjande åtgärder vilket visade att många skolsköterskor uppfattade sig ha större problem med anorexia bland eleverna jämfört med övervikt. Ofta hade ungdomarna fått fetma innan skolsköterskorna ansåg sig reagera på övervikten. Skolsköterskorna uppfattade en skillnad i övervikt hos ungdomarna mellan olika gymnasieprogram. De ansåg också att övervikt kan vara svårt att tala om och att problemet kunde vara svårt att åtgärda på grund av att tiden inte räcker till. Skolsköterskorna menade att de hade en god förståelse för hur övervikt uppstår och hur problemet kan åtgärdas. Slutsatsen är att skolsköterskorna inte uppfattade övervikt som ett stort problem bland skolungdomar. De menade att problemet är litet i jämförelse med andra hälsoproblem. När övervikten betraktas i relation till andra problem kan det finnas en risk att problemet underskattas. För att klargöra detta behövs dock ytterligare undersökningar.

Abstract [en]

The aim of the study was to investigate the school nurses' attitudes towards overweight among teenagers. The study was conducted using two focus group interviews. The first group consisted of three school nurses and the other of five. Data was analyzed using qualitative content analysis. Three categories appeared: overweight as a health problem; assessment and diagnosis; and health promotion. It showed that many nurses perceived the greater problem was anorexia among students compared to obesity. Often the young people had become obese before school nurses reacted to their overweight condition. The school nurses perceived that there is a difference between high school programs in percentage of adolescents who are overweight. They also found that overweight can be difficult to talk about. The problem could be difficult to deal with because of insufficient time. The school nurses felt that they had a good understanding of how obesity occurs and the measures to be taken. The conclusion is that school nurses did not perceive obesity as a major problem among schoolchildren. They argued that the problem is small in comparison to other health problems. When weight is considered in relation to other problems, there may be a risk that the overweight is underestimated. However, to clarify this, further studies are needed.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. , 30 p.
Keyword [en]
school nurse, overweight, adolescent
Keyword [sv]
skolsköterska, ungdomar, övervikt
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-294141OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-294141DiVA: diva2:940394
Subject / course
Caring Sciences
Educational program
Specialistsjuksköterskeprogrammet med inriktning mot hälso- och sjukvård för barn och ungdomar
Presentation
2016-06-02, C8325, BMC, Uppsala, 13:00 (Swedish)
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2016-06-21 Created: 2016-05-16 Last updated: 2016-06-21Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
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