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Campylobacteriosis: the role of poultry meat
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Sciences, Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Medicine.
Univ Helsinki, Dept Food Hyg & Environm Hlth, Helsinki, Finland..
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Sciences, Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Medicine.
2016 (English)In: Clinical Microbiology and Infection, ISSN 1198-743X, E-ISSN 1469-0691, Vol. 22, no 2, 103-109 p.Article, review/survey (Refereed) Published
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Abstract [en]

The incidence of human infections caused by Campylobacter jejuni and Campylobacter coil, the main bacterial agents of gastrointestinal disease, has been increasing worldwide. Here, we review the role of poultry as a source and reservoir for Campylobacter. Contamination and subsequent colonization of broiler flocks at the farm level often lead to transmission of Campylobacter along the poultry production chain and contamination of poultry meat at retail. Yet Cainpylobacter prevalence in poultry, as well as the contamination level of poultry products, vary greatly between different countries so there are differences in the intervention strategies that need to be applied. Temporal patterns in poultry do not always coincide with those found in human infections. Studies in rural and urban areas have revealed differences in Campylobacter infections attributed to poultry, as poultry seems to be the predominant reservoir in urban, but not necessarily in rural, settings. Furthermore, foreign travel is considered a major risk factor in acquiring the disease, especially for individuals living in the northern European countries. Intervention strategies aimed at reducing Campylobacter colonization in poultry and focused at the farm level have been successful in reducing the number of Campylobacter cases in several countries. Increasing farm biosecurity and education of consumers are likely to limit the risk of infection. Overall, poultry is an important reservoir and source of human campylobacteriosis, although the contribution of other sources, reservoirs and transmission warrants more research.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. Vol. 22, no 2, 103-109 p.
Keyword [en]
Antimicrobial resistance, Campylobacter, Campylobacter coil, Campylobacter jejuni, infection, intervention measures, molecular epidemiology, poultry, transmission
National Category
Microbiology in the medical area
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-296901DOI: 10.1016/j.cmi.2015.11.019ISI: 000371653900002PubMedID: 26686808OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-296901DiVA: diva2:940561
Funder
Swedish Research Council, 521-2011-3527Swedish Research Council Formas, 221-2012-1442
Available from: 2016-06-21 Created: 2016-06-20 Last updated: 2017-11-28Bibliographically approved

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Skarp, AstridRautelin, Hilpi

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