Svaga maskulina substantiv i äldre svenska: En variationslingvistisk studie
2016 (Swedish)In: Studier i svensk språkhistoria 13: Historia och språkhistoria / [ed] Daniel Andersson, Lars-Erik Edlund, Susanne Haugen & Asbjørg Westum, Umeå: Institutionen för språkstudier, Umeå universitet & Kungl. Skytteanska samfundet , 2016, 227-240 p.Conference paper (Refereed)
This article offers a variationist perspective on the loss of a particular case declination in the history of Swedish. The declination, traditionally named svaga maskulina substantiv (‘weak masculine nouns’), was originally characterized by an ending -e in the nominative case and -a in the oblique case. The aim is to uncover internal and external language factors in the variation between -e and -a after the loss of the vowels’ initial case properties. A corpus of 20 Swedish texts spanning from the 15th to the 18th century was investigated, and a variable rules analysis was carried out. The analysis suggests that the case system has had a long-lasting impact on the distribution of the two vowels despite losing its absolute status around the turn of the 16th century. The final break-up, where most words denoting concrete things (e.g. Modern Swedish båge (‘bow’) ) adopt -e and abstract words (e.g. Modern Swedish vilja (‘will’) ) adopt -a, is first traceable during the 18th century. It is proposed that this division could be related to the reduction of gender in older Swedish. During the 16th and 17th century, there were also tendencies in the distribution that were connected to stylistic and sociolinguistic patterns in Early Modern Swedish.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Umeå: Institutionen för språkstudier, Umeå universitet & Kungl. Skytteanska samfundet , 2016. 227-240 p.
, Nordsvenska, ISSN 0282-7182 ; 25
weak masculine nouns, loss of case, morphology, morphological variation, language history
Research subject Scandinavian Languages
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-297076ISBN: 978-91-88466-90-7ISBN: 978-91-86438-57-9OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-297076DiVA: diva2:940792
Svenska språkets historia 13