Can increased childcare availability facilitate the labour market establishment of recently arrived immigrant mothers?
Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
Using a panel of Swedish municipalities over the years 1998-2014, this paper studies the short-run effects of the availability of formal childcare on recently arrived immigrant mothers’ labour market establishment. Childcare availability is measured as whether the queue to formal childcare in a municipality exceeds the legal limit of maximum of 3–4 months or not. Changes in the availability of formal childcare across municipalities and across time during the study period provides an opportunity to explore within municipality variation and controlling for national time trends when estimating the effects of childcareavailability on employment, participation in labour market programs and the passing rate and median number of days it takes to pass the Swedish for immigrants course after receiving a residency permit. The model used to estimate the effects on recently arrived immigrants includes municipality and time-specific effects and demographic and economic factors to control for unobservables. The results show indications of a negative effect of limitedchildcare availability on the labour market establishment of recently arrived immigrants, but the estimated coefficients are in most part small and lacking in statistical significance, and the model at hand is limited in its ability to fully address all potential threats to internal validity. To estimate the effect on immigrated women, a difference-in-difference approach is used. This analysis provides convincing evidence of a causal effect of a long queue on the employment rates of immigrated women, but no evidence of an effect on the other outcomes studied.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
childcare availability; queue; immigrant women; labour market establishment
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-297207OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-297207DiVA: diva2:941233
Bengtsson, Niklas, Biträdande universitetslektor