Mice Lacking Platelet-Derived Growth Factor D Display a Mild Vascular Phenotype
2016 (English)In: PLoS ONE, ISSN 1932-6203, E-ISSN 1932-6203, Vol. 11, no 3, e0152276Article in journal (Refereed) PublishedText
Platelet-derived growth factor D (PDGF-D) is the most recently discovered member of the PDGF family. PDGF-D signals through PDGF receptor beta, but its biological role remains largely unknown. In contrast to other members of the PDGF family of growth factors, which have been extensively investigated using different knockout approaches in mice, PDGF-D has until now not been characterized by gene inactivation in mice. Here, we present the phenotype of a constitutive Pdgfd knockout mouse model (Pdgfd(-/-)), carrying a LacZ reporter used to visualize Pdgfd promoter activity. Inactivation of the Pdgfd gene resulted in a mild phenotype in C57BL/6 mice, and the offspring was viable, fertile and generally in good health. We show that Pdgfd reporter gene activity was consistently localized to vascular structures in both postnatal and adult tissues. The expression was predominantly arterial, often localizing to vascular bifurcations. Endothelial cells appeared to be the dominating source for Pdgfd, but reporter gene activity was occasionally also found in sub-populations of mural cells. Tissue-specific analyses of vascular structures revealed that NG2-expressing pericytes of the cardiac vasculature were disorganized in Pdgfd(-/-) mice. Furthermore, Pdgfd(-/-) mice also had a slightly elevated blood pressure. In summary, the vascular expression pattern together with morphological changes in NG2-expressing cells, and the increase in blood pressure, support a function for PDGF-D in regulating systemic arterial blood pressure, and suggests a role in maintaining vascular homeostasis.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. Vol. 11, no 3, e0152276
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-295566DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0152276ISI: 000373121800050PubMedID: 27032083OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-295566DiVA: diva2:941303
FunderSwedish Heart Lung Foundation, 2012-0077Swedish Cancer Society, 2014/630Swedish Research Council, 2011-3861