Mechanism of fusidic acid inhibition of RRF- and EF-G-dependent splitting of the bacterial post-termination ribosome
2016 (English)In: Nucleic Acids Research, ISSN 0305-1048, E-ISSN 1362-4962, Vol. 44, no 7, 3264-3275 p.Article in journal (Refereed) PublishedText
The antibiotic drug fusidic acid (FA) is commonly used in the clinic against gram-positive bacterial infections. FA targets ribosome-bound elongation factor G (EF-G), a translational GTPase that accelerates both messenger RNA (mRNA) translocation and ribosome recycling. How FA inhibits translocation was recently clarified, but FA inhibition of ribosome recycling by EF-G and ribosome recycling factor (RRF) has remained obscure. Here we use fast kinetics techniques to estimate mean times of ribosome splitting and the stoichiometry of GTP hydrolysis by EF-G at varying concentrations of FA, EF-G and RRF. These mean times together with previous data on uninhibited ribosome recycling were used to clarify the mechanism of FA inhibition of ribosome splitting. The biochemical data on FA inhibition of translocation and recycling were used to model the growth inhibitory effect of FA on bacterial populations. We conclude that FA inhibition of translocation provides the dominant cause of bacterial growth reduction, but that FA inhibition of ribosome recycling may contribute significantly to FA-induced expression of short regulatory open reading frames, like those involved in FA resistance.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. Vol. 44, no 7, 3264-3275 p.
Cell and Molecular Biology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-297902DOI: 10.1093/nar/gkw178ISI: 000375800200033PubMedID: 27001509OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-297902DiVA: diva2:944372
FunderSwedish Research Council, 2015-04682Knut and Alice Wallenberg Foundation, KAW 2009.0251