Can results from studies of perceived expression in musical performances be generalized across response formats?
1997 (English)In: PSYCHOMUSICOLOGY, ISSN 0275-3987, Vol. 16, 77-101 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Recent studies have suggested that performers are able to communicate emotions to listeners through their performances of a piece of music. However, in all these studies listeners made their judgments by means of forced choice or adjective ratings, methods which offer only a limited number of response options. The question arises wheather successful communication may be generalized to other response formats which do not restrict the judge's response to a limited number of response options. The present study investigated this problem by means of a parallell enrichment procedure (Rosenthal, 1982), in which quantitative data from forced choice judgments (Experiment 2) were complemented by qualitative data from open-ended responses (Experiment 2). The results of Experiment 1 showed that communication was reliable even if listeners were provided with a larger number of response options, and that females had slightly higher decoding accuracy than males (effect size: d = .29). The results from Experiment 2 showed that free labeling resulted in greater diversity of responses, and that judges seemed to perceive the emotional expressions in terms of their "social affordances". The two experiments converged on the conclusions that (a) communication of emotion through musical performance is reliable regardless of the response format used, and (b) what what can be communicated reliably is the basic emotion categories, but not particular nuances within these categories.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
1997. Vol. 16, 77-101 p.
response format, forced choice, free labeling, music performance, emotion
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-66539OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-66539DiVA: diva2:94450