Multiculturalism versus Civic Integration: - A discourse study of Sweden and Britain
Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Immigration is a phenomena with increasing importance today, with a larger number of immigrants coming to Europe than in several decades. How nation states in Europe handle this is essential for the development of their respective society as well as for international relations and the shaping of public opinion around the globe. A crucial question is how immigrant's, with the inevitable culture that comes with them, are perceived; are they seen as individuals that could bring possible benefits to the destination state, or rather as something to be overcome once integrated to the society?
Sweden and Britain are two states with a history of having a multicultural approach towards immigrants. Multiculturalism in the meaning of state-minority relations that allow and celebrate differences in cultures and facilitates the distinctive practises and rights of these cultures. It is essentially seen as a liberal alternative towards assimilation. On the other side of multiculturalism civic integration is found, with the view that immigrants should adjust to the culture of their destination state once immigrated. Kymlicka and Banting argue that a liberal form of civic integration is becoming of importance in many nations, compatible and layered on top of existing multicultural policies. Joppke on the other hand, argues that multiculturalism is failing throughout Europe, blamed for segregation and extremism.
This study of political discourse shows that Sweden is a state with relatively similar discourse as their high score on MCP index indicates. Differences due to spokespersons can be detected but the overall result is showing consistently multicultural values. In Britain on the other hand the story is not as solid. Government representatives are not as consistent with one and other, all dimensions of the scale detected. In both states, however more frequently in Britain – statements are inconclusive. The British representatives of the government claim incompatible aspects of multiculturalism and civic integration. This is believed to be due to populist reasons, in so called mainstream politics, something the Prime Minister of Britain has been accused for before, both from opposition and scholars.
Important findings. concerning that assumptions made on the failure of multiculturalism, is detected to be precipitous. It is reasonable to believe that this could be detected in other European countries as well, why further research is necessary.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. , 40 p.
Multiculturalism, Civic Integration, Sweden, Britain, Immigration, Integration
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-298142OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-298142DiVA: diva2:944771
Subject / course