Self-assembled monolayers of cystamine and cysteamine on gold studied by XPS and voltammetry
1999 (English)In: LANGMUIR, ISSN 0743-7463, Vol. 15, no 19, 6370-6378 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The formation of self-assembled chemisorbed layers of cystamine, cysteamine, and 4-aminothiophenol on gold has been studied by XPS and voltammetry. These compounds, often used in the preparation of biosensors and modified electrodes, are shown to yield surface coverages of approximately 80% of that of a octadecanethiol monolayer within 5 min in millimolar aqueous and ethanolic solutions. The results of the XPS experiments reveal that a shoulder on the S 2p(3/2) peak (situated at 162.1 eV) develops at 161.3 eV upon increasing the adsorption time from minutes to 1 week and that the initial rate of formation of the shoulder is higher for cystamine than for cysteamine. This shoulder is believed to be due to the presence of a sulfur species with a higher coordination number with respect to gold. Increased adsorption times also give rise to increased amounts of oxidized carbon and sulfur in the films. The oxidation of the sulfur in the thiols results in a detachment of the molecules from the gold surface, as indicated by XPS experiments with different takeoff angles. The main N 1s peak for cystamine is shifted toward higher binding energies for increasing adsorption times while two prominent nitrogen peaks are generally seen for cysteamine. For cysteamine, increasing adsorption times result in an increase of the main nitrogen component at the higher binding energy, yielding an apparent shift in the nitrogen peak with time similar to that seen for cystamine. Possible explanations for these experimental findings are discussed. Cystamine, cysteamine, and 4-aminothiophenol films on gold are shown to be irreversibly oxidized in the gold oxide formation region. On the basis of evaluation of the oxidation charge, surface coverages of approximately 1 x 10(-9) mol/cm(2) were obtained for adsorption times between 5 min and 1 week.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
1999. Vol. 15, no 19, 6370-6378 p.
ORGANIZED MOLECULAR ASSEMBLIES; ALKYL-THIOL MONOLAYERS; PYRROLOQUINOLINE QUINONE; GLUCOSE-OXIDASE; ENZYME ELECTRODES; X-RAY; ALKANETHIOLATE MONOLAYERS; INFRARED-SPECTROSCOPY; AU-ELECTRODES; SURFACES
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-66609OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-66609DiVA: diva2:94520
Addresses: Wirde M, Univ Uppsala, Dept Phys, Box 530, SE-75121 Uppsala, Sweden. Univ Uppsala, Dept Phys, SE-75121 Uppsala, Sweden. Univ Uppsala, Dept Analyt Chem, SE-75121 Uppsala, Sweden.2005-04-042005-04-042011-01-14