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Analysis of an electric Equivalent Circuit Model of a Li-Ion battery to develop algorithms for battery states estimation.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Electricity.
2016 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

Batteries have imparted momentum to the process of transition towards a green future. However, mass application of batteries is obstructed due to their explosive nature, a trait specific to Li-Ion batteries. To cater to an efficient battery utilization, an introduction of a battery management system would provide an ultimate solution. This thesis deals with different aspects crucial in designing a battery management system for high energy as well as high power applications.

To build a battery management system capable of predicting battery behavior, it is necessary to analyze the dynamic processes happening inside the battery. Hence, a battery equivalent circuit model is proposed in this thesis as well as proper analysis is done in MATLAB to project a generic structure applicable to all Li-Ion chemistries. The model accounts for all dynamic characteristics of a battery including non-linear open circuit voltage, discharge current and capacity. Effect of temperature is also modeled using a cooling system. The model is validated with test current profiles. Less than 0.1% error between measured and simulated voltage profiles indicates the effectiveness of the proposed model to predict the runtime behavior of the battery. Furthermore, the model is implemented with the energy as well as the power battery pack. State of charge calculations are performed using the proposed model and the coulomb counting method and the results indicate only a 4% variance. Therefore, the proposed model can be applied to develop a real-time battery management system for accurate battery states estimation.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. , 111 p.
MSc ET, 16003
Keyword [en]
Battery Management System, BMS, Li-Ion batteries, Equivalent cIrcuit model, battery modelling
National Category
Engineering and Technology
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-298427OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-298427DiVA: diva2:946064
External cooperation
Volvo Construction Equipment
Educational program
Master Programme in Energy Technology
Available from: 2016-07-05 Created: 2016-07-04 Last updated: 2016-07-05Bibliographically approved

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