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Forecasting civil conflict along the shared socioeconomic pathways
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research. Peace Res Inst Oslo, POB 9229, NO-0134 Oslo, Norway..
Peace Res Inst Oslo, POB 9229, NO-0134 Oslo, Norway.;Norwegian Univ Sci & Technol, Dept Sociol & Polit Sci, NO-7491 Trondheim, Norway..
Pacific NW Natl Lab, Joint Global Change Res Inst, College Pk, MD 20742 USA..
Peace Res Inst Oslo, POB 9229, NO-0134 Oslo, Norway.;Univ Oslo, Dept Polit Sci, POB 1072 Blindern, NO-0316 Oslo, Norway..
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2016 (English)In: Environmental Research Letters, ISSN 1748-9326, E-ISSN 1748-9326, Vol. 11, no 5, 054002Article in journal (Refereed) Published
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Abstract [en]

Climate change and armed civil conflict are both linked to socioeconomic development, although conditions that facilitate peace may not necessarily facilitate mitigation and adaptation to climate change. While economic growth lowers the risk of conflict, it is generally associated with increased greenhouse gas emissions and costs of climate mitigation policies. This study investigates the links between growth, climate change, and conflict by simulating future civil conflict using new scenario data for five alternative socioeconomic pathways with different mitigation and adaptation assumptions, known as the shared socioeconomic pathways (SSPs). We develop a statistical model of the historical effect of key socioeconomic variables on country-specific conflict incidence, 1960-2013. We then forecast the annual incidence of conflict, 2014-2100, along the five SSPs. We find that SSPs with high investments in broad societal development are associated with the largest reduction in conflict risk. This is most pronounced for the least developed countries-poverty alleviation and human capital investments in poor countries are much more effective instruments to attain global peace and stability than further improvements to wealthier economies. Moreover, the SSP that describes a sustainability pathway, which poses the lowest climate change challenges, is as conducive to global peace as the conventional development pathway.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. Vol. 11, no 5, 054002
Keyword [en]
armed conflict, shared socioeconomic pathways, forecasting, climate change mitigation and adaptation
National Category
Social Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-298685DOI: 10.1088/1748-9326/11/5/054002ISI: 000376484300002OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-298685DiVA: diva2:947158
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EU, European Research Council, 648291
Available from: 2016-07-07 Created: 2016-07-06 Last updated: 2017-11-28Bibliographically approved

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Hegre, Håvard

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