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Infants' preference for individual agents within chasing interactions
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
2016 (English)In: Journal of experimental child psychology (Print), ISSN 0022-0965, E-ISSN 1096-0457, Vol. 147, 53-70 p.Article in journal (Refereed) PublishedText
Abstract [en]

Infants, like adults, are able to discriminate between chasing and non-chasing interactions when watching animations with simple geometric shapes. But where infants derive the necessary information for discrimination and how chasing detection influences later visual attention has been previously unexplored. Here, using eye tracking, we investigated how 5- and 12-month-old infants (N = 94) distribute their visual attention among individual members within different interactions depending on a type of interaction. Infant gaze was examined when observing animations depicting chasing and following interactions compared with animations displaying randomly moving shapes. Results demonstrate that when observing chasing and following interactions, all infants strongly preferred to attend to the agent that initiates an interaction and trails behind another. Low-level features, such as changes in agent-specific velocity profiles, could not account for this preference (Study 2). Rather, the strong preference for the agent going behind seems to be dependent on the initial goal-directed or "heat-seeking" motion of one agent toward another (Study 3). The current set of experiments suggests that, similar to adults, 5 months-olds' visual attention depends on the motion features of an individual agent within the interaction and is fine-tuned to agents that display goal-directed motion toward other agents.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. Vol. 147, 53-70 p.
Keyword [en]
Visual attention, Social interactions, Social perception, Infant, Eye tracking, Chasing
National Category
Psychology (excluding Applied Psychology)
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-298836DOI: 10.1016/j.jecp.2016.02.010ISI: 000376698100004PubMedID: 27017143OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-298836DiVA: diva2:948369
Funder
Swedish Research Council, VR-2011-1528
Available from: 2016-07-11 Created: 2016-07-11 Last updated: 2016-07-11Bibliographically approved

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Galazka, MartynaNyström, Pär
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