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Time as a base for establishing structure in text: toward a visualization model
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Languages, Department of Scandinavian Languages.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-1909-8450
2016 (English)In: Text & Talk, ISSN 1860-7330, E-ISSN 1860-7349, Vol. 36, no 4, 493-517 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Following Halliday and Hasan (1976, Cohesion in English. London: Longman; Halliday and Hasan 1989, Language, context, and text: Aspects of language in a social-semiotic perspective. 2nd edn. Oxford: Oxford Univ. Press), text can be defined and studied as a united whole. A "text" which does not appear as a united whole can be very hard to understand and describe. Since this kind of text exists for example in the form of student writing, it is important to have methods and models which can handle all kinds of compositions coherent and clearly structured and the opposite. This article suggests such a model. Relative to available methods, it is beneficial for understanding and comparing many different texts. The model is based on temporal unfolding of texts, realized primarily by tense and Aktionsarten. It uncovers the basic structure of the text and visualizes it - a combination that makes the text accessible for further analysis. Four texts with different structures from the national test in Swedish and Swedish as a second language are used to demonstrate the model. The model is used to discuss and compare the texts and how the students respond to the given instruction. It is shown what information the model reveals and how analysis and information can be added; in this case means for understanding the narrative text.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. Vol. 36, no 4, 493-517 p.
Keyword [en]
temporal unfolding, text structure, text visualization, student writing, tense, narrative text, Aktionsarten
Keyword [sv]
temporal utveckling, textstruktur, textvisualisering, elevtext, berättande text, tempus, aktionsart
National Category
Specific Languages
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-299148DOI: 10.1515/text-2016-0022ISI: 000378883600006OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-299148DiVA: diva2:949012
Available from: 2016-07-15 Created: 2016-07-15 Last updated: 2016-07-29Bibliographically approved

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Sahlée, Anna
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