Sustainable Materials for Sustainable Energy Storage: Organic Na Electrodes
2016 (English)In: Materials, ISSN 1996-1944, E-ISSN 1996-1944, Vol. 9, no 3, 142Article, review/survey (Refereed) PublishedText
In this review, we summarize research efforts to realize Na-based organic materials for novel battery chemistries. Na is a more abundant element than Li, thereby contributing to less costly materials with limited to no geopolitical constraints while organic electrode materials harvested from biomass resources provide the possibility of achieving renewable battery components with low environmental impact during processing and recycling. Together, this can form the basis for truly sustainable electrochemical energy storage. We explore the efforts made on electrode materials of organic salts, primarily carbonyl compounds but also Schiff bases, unsaturated compounds, nitroxides and polymers. Moreover, sodiated carbonaceous materials derived from biomasses and waste products are surveyed. As a conclusion to the review, some shortcomings of the currently investigated materials are highlighted together with the major limitations for future development in this field. Finally, routes to move forward in this direction are suggested.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. Vol. 9, no 3, 142
Na-ion battery, organic electrode material, disordered carbons, renewable materials
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-299174DOI: 10.3390/ma9030142ISI: 000373805400013OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-299174DiVA: diva2:949039
FunderSwedish Foundation for Strategic Research Carl Tryggers foundation