Mesoporous Cladophora cellulose separators for lithium-ion batteries
2016 (English)In: Journal of Power Sources, ISSN 0378-7753, E-ISSN 1873-2755, Vol. 321, 185-192 p.Article in journal (Refereed) PublishedText
Much effort is currently made to develop inexpensive and renewable materials which can replace the polyolefin microporous separators conventionally used in contemporary lithium-ion batteries. In the present work, it is demonstrated that mesoporous Cladophora cellulose (CC) separators constitute very promising alternatives based on their high crystallinity, good thermal stability and straightforward manufacturing. The CC separators, which are fabricated using an undemanding paper-making like process involving vacuum filtration, have a typical thickness of about 35 mu m, an average pore size of about 20 nm, a Young's modulus of 5.9 GPa and also exhibit an ionic conductivity of 0.4 mS cm(-1) after soaking with 1 M LiPF6 EC: DEC (1/1, v/v) electrolyte. The CC separators are demonstrated to be thermally stable at 150 degrees C and electrochemically inert in the potential range between 0 and 5 V vs. Li+/Li. A LiFePO4/Li cell containing a CC separator showed good cycling stability with 99.5% discharge capacity retention after 50 cycles at a rate of 0.2 C. These results indicate that the renewable CC separators are well-suited for use in high-performance lithium-ion batteries.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. Vol. 321, 185-192 p.
Separator, Cellulose, Crystallinity, Paper-making, Lithium-ion battery, Cladophora
Inorganic Chemistry Engineering and Technology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-299548DOI: 10.1016/j.jpowsour.2016.04.115ISI: 000377729200020OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-299548DiVA: diva2:949809
FunderSwedish Energy AgencyStandUpStiftelsen Olle Engkvist Byggmästare