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Particle size-dependent superspin glass behavior in random compacts of monodisperse maghemite nanoparticles
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Industrial Engineering & Management.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Solid State Physics.
Univ Castilla La Mancha, IRICA, E-13071 Ciudad Real, Spain.;Univ Castilla La Mancha, Dept Fis Aplicada, E-13071 Ciudad Real, Spain..
Inst Bioengn & Nanotechnol, 31 Biopolis Way, Singapore 138669, Singapore..
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2016 (English)In: MATERIALS RESEARCH EXPRESS, ISSN 2053-1591, Vol. 3, no 4, 045015Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Resource type
Text
Abstract [en]

Dense random assemblies made from highly monodisperse gamma-Fe2O3 nanoparticles with sizes ranging from 6.2 to 11.5 nm have been investigated by DC and AC magnetometry. It is found that all assemblies undergo superspin glass phase transitions. The superspin glass phase transition temperature is strongly dependent on the particle size and the nature of the interparticle interaction. However the transition from superparamagnet to superspin glass, as evidenced by the shape of the ac-susceptibility curves and the dynamic critical exponents associated with the transition, is similar in all systems.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. Vol. 3, no 4, 045015
Keyword [en]
magnetic nanoparticles, maghemite, superspin glass, phase transition
National Category
Materials Engineering
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-299615DOI: 10.1088/2053-1591/3/4/045015ISI: 000377811500016OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-299615DiVA: diva2:949844
Funder
Swedish Research CouncilGöran Gustafsson Foundation for promotion of scientific research at Uppala University and Royal Institute of Technology
Available from: 2016-07-25 Created: 2016-07-25 Last updated: 2017-04-07Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Interacting Magnetic Nanosystems: An Experimental Study Of Superspin Glasses
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Interacting Magnetic Nanosystems: An Experimental Study Of Superspin Glasses
2017 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

This thesis presents experimental results on strongly interacting γ-Fe2O3 magnetic nanoparticles and their collective properties. The main findings are that very dense randomly packed (≈60%) γ-Fe2O3 nanoparticles form a replica of a spin glass. The magnetic properties of the nanoparticle system are in most regards the same as those of an atomic spin glass. The system is therefore proposed as a model superspin glass. In superspin glasses the interacting building blocks that form the collective state are single domain nanoparticles, superspins with a magnetic moment of about 10000 μB, which can be compared to the atomic magnetic moment in spin glasses of approximately 1 μB.  It was found that the relaxation time of the individual nanoparticles impacts the collective properties and governs the superspin dimensionality. Several dense compacts, each prepared with nanoparticles of a specific size, with diameters 6, 8, 9 and 11.5 nm, were studied. All the studied compacts were found to form a superspin glass state. Non-interacting reference samples, consisting of the same particles but coated with a silica shell, were synthesized to determine the single particle magnetic properties.  It was also found that the effects of the nanoparticle size distribution, which lead to a variation of the magnetic properties, can be mitigated by having strong enough interparticle interactions. The majority of the work was carried out using SQUID magnetometry.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Uppsala: Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis, 2017. 74 p.
Series
Digital Comprehensive Summaries of Uppsala Dissertations from the Faculty of Science and Technology, ISSN 1651-6214 ; 1505
Keyword
spin glass, SQUID magnetometry, maghemite, magnetism, nanoparticles
National Category
Engineering and Technology Condensed Matter Physics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-319717 (URN)978-91-554-9893-1 (ISBN)
Public defence
2017-06-02, Siegbahnsalen, Ångströmlaboratoriet, Lägerhyddsvägen 1, Uppsala, 13:15 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2017-05-10 Created: 2017-04-07 Last updated: 2017-05-16

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