A feasibility and efficiency study of seismic waveform inversion for time-lapse monitoring of onshore CO2 geological storage sites using reflection seismic acquisition geometries
2016 (English)In: International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control, ISSN 1750-5836, E-ISSN 1878-0148, Vol. 48, 134-141 p.Article in journal (Refereed) PublishedText
Monitoring of the CO2 distribution at depth is imperative for onshore geological storage of CO2. Seismic methods are effective monitoring tools during and after the injection process, but are generally expensive and time consuming to perform. In this paper we perform a series of synthetic experiments in order to compare the seismic waveform inversion method with conventional seismic monitoring methods for time-lapse monitoring at CO2 geological storage sites. We mainly focus our study on seismic data sets with typical reflection acquisition geometries that is far offset limited. Two synthetic seismic data sets (consisting of one baseline and repeat) were generated by a third party 2D forward modeling code to compare the waveform inversion method with a conventional time-lapse procedure. The velocity models are based on a simplified structure of the Heletz site in Israel. The area into which CO2 is injected is on the order of a few hundred meters wide and a few 10 s of meters high. We compare the waveform inversion results and conventional time-lapse results to determine how sparse spatial sampling affects the results by increasing both the shot and receiver spacing. We test the waveform inversion method for a synthetic time-lapse data set with different inversion strategies. First, we invert each data set independently by using both phase and amplitude information. Then we invert them by using only phase information. We also test the influence of the starting model. Finally, we test the double difference inversion method which is equivalent to only inverting the difference between the baseline and repeat data sets. During the test a relative coarse starting model and higher starting frequency were used in order to better represent real seismic reflection data. Our results show that, under certain noise conditions, it may be possible to use a combination of sparse spatial sampling geometries and seismic waveform inversion to monitor the velocity changes caused by CO2 injection. We conclude that seismic waveform inversion may be a good complement to standard CDP processing when monitoring CO2 injection.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. Vol. 48, 134-141 p.
CO2 monitoring, CO2 sequestration, Time-lapse seismic, Seismic waveform inversion
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-299609DOI: 10.1016/j.ijggc.2015.11.015ISI: 000378004200011OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-299609DiVA: diva2:949858
FunderEU, FP7, Seventh Framework Programme, 227286EU, European Research Council
Följande post har en snarlik titel, men syfter möjligtvis till en annan post: http://uu.diva-portal.org/smash/record.jsf?pid=diva2:5738032016-07-252016-07-252016-07-25Bibliographically approved