Land acquisition: a means to mitigate water scarcity and reduce conflict?
2016 (English)In: Hydrological Sciences Journal, ISSN 0262-6667, E-ISSN 2150-3435, Vol. 61, no 7, 1338-1345 p.Article in journal (Refereed) PublishedText
In recent years there has been a surge in land investments, primarily in the African continent, but also in Asia and Latin America. This increase in land investment was driven by the food pricing crisis of 2007-2008. Land investors can be identified from a variety of sectors, with actors ranging from hedge funds to national companies. Many water-scarce countries in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) are among these financiers, and primarily invest in Africa. Recognizing the potential for "outsourcing" their food security (and thereby also partly their water security), Middle Eastern countries such as Jordan, Qatar and the United Arab Emirates have invested in land for food production in Africa. The extent to which this is happening is still unclear, as many contracts are not yet official and the extent of the leases is vague. This paper investigates the land investments and acquisitions by Middle Eastern countries. It also seeks to analyse what effect, if any, these investments can have on the potential for conflict reduction and subsequent peacebuilding in the Middle East region as the activity removes pressure from transboundary water resources.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. Vol. 61, no 7, 1338-1345 p.
land investment, water, conflict, virtual water, agribusiness, MENA
Oceanography, Hydrology, Water Resources Other Social Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-299931DOI: 10.1080/02626667.2015.1052452ISI: 000378697700016OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-299931DiVA: diva2:950339
FunderSida - Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency