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An unprecedented new genus and family of Tetractinellida (Porifera, Demospongiae) from New Zealand's Colville Ridge, with a new type of mitochondrial group I intron
Natl Inst Water & Atmospher Res Ltd, Coasts & Oceans Natl Ctr, Private Bag 99940, Auckland, New Zealand..
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Biology, Department of Organismal Biology, Systematic Biology. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Department of Medicinal Chemistry, Division of Pharmacognosy.
2016 (English)In: Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society, ISSN 0024-4082, E-ISSN 1096-3642, Vol. 177, no 2, 335-352 p.Article in journal (Refereed) PublishedText
Abstract [en]

A remarkable sponge with unprecedented megascleres and systematic affinities was collected recently from a previously unidentified volcano on Colville Ridge to the north-east of New Zealand. The sponge has the appearance of a tetillid sponge (family Tetillidae Sollas, 1886) with a perfectly spherical external form, radiating internal skeleton of huge oxeas and triaenes, and microspined sigmaspires as microscleres. The triaene megascleres, however, are unprecedented in their form and ornamentation; they are huge clubbed orthotriaenes the upper third of which is acanthose. Stupenda singularis gen. et sp. nov. is described here and the phylogenetic affinity and taxonomic position of this unique sponge is explored in relation to a broad range of tetractinellid sponges (order Tetractinellida Marshall, 1876) using the Folmer + Erpenbeck fragment of the cytochrome c oxidase subunit I (COI) gene and a nearly complete sequence of the 18S rDNA gene. Mitochondrial introns are rare in sponges but S. singularis gen. et sp. nov. possesses a mitochondrial group I intron at position 387 in COI; it hosts a putative LAGLIDADG endonuclease gene. This intron is the first of its kind in sponges: the self-splicing intron is homologous to a placozoan COI intron whereas the LAGLIDADG endonuclease gene may be related to Fungi LAGLIDADG endonuclease genes.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. Vol. 177, no 2, 335-352 p.
Keyword [en]
Astrophorina, lateral gene transfer, lithistids, mitochondrial intron, new species, New Zealand Exclusive Economic Zone, Spirophorina, taxonomy, Tetillidae, Thrombidae
National Category
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-299918DOI: 10.1111/zoj.12365ISI: 000378725600004OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-299918DiVA: diva2:950345
EU, European Research Council, BlueGenics FP7-KBBE-2012-6; 311848
Available from: 2016-07-29 Created: 2016-07-29 Last updated: 2016-07-29Bibliographically approved

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