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Predictors of initiation and persistence of recurrent binge eating and inappropriate weight compensatory behaviors in college men
Univ Pavia, Dept Brain & Behav Sci, Pavia, Italy.;Univ Milano Bicocca, Dept Surg & Interdisciplinary Med, Milan, Italy..ORCID iD: 0000-0002-2328-3862
Univ Milano Bicocca, Dept Surg & Interdisciplinary Med, Milan, Italy..
Univ Milano Bicocca, Dept Surg & Interdisciplinary Med, Milan, Italy..
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Neuroscience, Functional Pharmacology. Univ Campus Biomed, Ctr Integrated Res, Rome, Italy..
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2016 (English)In: International Journal of Eating Disorders, ISSN 0276-3478, E-ISSN 1098-108X, Vol. 49, no 6, 581-590 p.Article in journal (Refereed) PublishedText
Abstract [en]

ObjectiveThe transition to college is considered as a risk period for the development of behavioral symptoms of eating disorders (BSEDs) and some evidence suggests that, amongst men, these symptoms occurring on a regular basis remain relatively stable over the college period. Nevertheless, little is known about factors associated with persistent engagement in and initiation of recurrent (or regular) binge eating and inappropriate weight compensatory behaviors in this population. The objective of this report was to address these research gaps. MethodData were examined from 2,555 male first-year college students who completed an assessment of potential vulnerability factors and BSEDs at the beginning of the autumn semester (baseline) and nine months later (end of the spring semester; follow-up). ResultsElevated negative affectivity, body dissatisfaction, self-objectification, and lower self-esteem at baseline were predictive of persistent engagement in regular binge eating and four compensatory behaviors (self-induced vomiting, laxative/diuretic abuse, fasting, exercise) at follow-up, as well as initiation of all these behaviors occurring regularly (i.e., at least weekly for 3 months). Self-objectification (thinking and monitoring the body's outward appearance from a third-person perspective) emerged as the largest contributor of both the initiation and persistence of all behavioral symptoms. DiscussionData emphasize that the same psychological factors underlie initiation and persistence of recurrent BSEDs and should shape the focus of future interventions for college men.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. Vol. 49, no 6, 581-590 p.
Keyword [en]
binge eating, compensatory behaviors, risk factors, maintenance, men
National Category
Nutrition and Dietetics Psychiatry Applied Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-299905DOI: 10.1002/eat.22535ISI: 000378647100006PubMedID: 27062291OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-299905DiVA: diva2:950366
Available from: 2016-07-29 Created: 2016-07-29 Last updated: 2016-07-29Bibliographically approved

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