Visualization and Quantification of 3-Dimensional Stereotactic Surface Projections for F-18-Flutemetamol PET Using Variable Depth
2016 (English)In: Journal of Nuclear Medicine, ISSN 0161-5505, E-ISSN 1535-5667, Vol. 57, no 7, 1078-1083 p.Article in journal (Refereed) PublishedText
Three-dimensional stereotactic surface projection (3D-SSP) is a widely used method for the analysis of clinical F-18-FDG brain studies. However, for PET amyloid scans the use of 3D-SSP is challenging because of nonspecific uptake in white matter. Our objective was to implement a method for 3D-SSP quantification and visualization of F-18-flutemetamol images that avoids extraction of white matter signal. METHODS: Triangulated brain surface models were extracted from a T1-weighted MR template image. Using an F-18-flutemetamol-negative template, a maximum depth for each vertex on the surface models was calculated to avoid extraction of white matter. The method was evaluated using F-18-flutemetamol images from 2 cohorts. Cohort 1 consisted of 105 healthy volunteers and was used to create a normal database for each reference region. Cohort 2 consisted of 171 subjects including patients with Alzheimer disease and mild cognitive impairment and healthy volunteers. Images were spatially normalized using an adaptive template registration method, and SUV ratio 3D-SSP values were computed using the pons and cerebellar cortex as reference regions. Images from cohort 2 were then compared with the normal database and classified into negatives and positives, based on a calculated z score threshold. The results were compared with consensus visual interpretation results from 5 trained interpreters blinded to clinical data. RESULTS: With the pons as the reference region, the optimal z score threshold was 1.97, resulting in an overall agreement with visual interpretation results in 170 of 171 images (99.42%). With the cerebellar cortex as the reference region, the optimal z score threshold was 2.41, with an overall agreement with visual interpretation in 168 of 171 images (98.25%). CONCLUSION: Variable-depth 3D-SSP allows computation and visualization of F-18-flutemetamol 3D-SSP maps, with minimized contribution from white matter signal while retaining sensitivity in detecting gray matter signal.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. Vol. 57, no 7, 1078-1083 p.
Alzheimer's disease, positron emission tomography, brain mapping, stereotactic surface projections, flutemetamol, amyloid
Radiology, Nuclear Medicine and Medical Imaging
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-300057DOI: 10.2967/jnumed.115.169169ISI: 000378979200017PubMedID: 26912445OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-300057DiVA: diva2:950763