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Children and Youth in Arms: Military Training at Swedish Schools during World Wars I and II
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Educational Sciences, Department of Education. (Uppsala Studies of History and Education (SHED))ORCID iD: 0000-0001-6803-4010
2016 (English)Conference paper, Abstract (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

This paper investigates military training for children and youth as a part of school education during World Wars I and II. Like many other Western European countries, Sweden had a tradition of weapon drills in schools from the late 1800s and forward. In Sweden these exercises were stopped in 1917, but in 1940 the question of defence service training for children and youth surfaced again due to the escalating world war.The study compares the military exercises in schools during WW I with the ones introduced during WW II using government regulations and manuals as well as reports and other material from individual schools. Contrary to what one might assume, in light of the changing perception of children during the first half of the 1900s, there were no dramatic changes in how the military training for children and adolescents were conducted during the two world wars. The study instead reveals changes in the general purpose of the military training, from character formation to more of a transfer of useful knowledge.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Keyword [en]
History of Education, History of Childhood and Youth, Military History
National Category
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-300146OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-300146DiVA: diva2:950867
European Social Science History Conference, Valencia, Spain, 30 March - 2 April 2016
Available from: 2016-08-03 Created: 2016-08-03 Last updated: 2016-08-03

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Children, Youth and Education in the Age of the World Wars

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Larsson, Esbjörn
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Department of Education

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