Sporadic occurrence of non-diagnosed IgG4-related disease in lymphoma patients with a previous Sjögren's syndrome diagnosis.
2016 (English)In: Acta Oncologica, ISSN 0284-186X, E-ISSN 1651-226XArticle in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
BACKGROUND: IgG4-related disease (IgG4-RD) is a recently recognized fibro-inflammatory disorder, which may affect many organs, and often comes to clinical attention due to tumor-like organ swelling or is identified incidentally by specific biopsy findings. Typical histopathology of IgG4-RD is lymphoplasmacytic infiltration rich in IgG4 + plasma cells (PCs), storiform fibrosis, and obliterative phlebitis. Patients with sicca symptoms can be misdiagnosed as primary Sjögren's syndrome (pSS) instead of IgG4-RD because of clinical and histopathological similarities. Moreover, an association with lymphoma development is described in both diseases. This study investigated signs of IgG4-RD in a population-based cohort of patients diagnosed with pSS complicated by lymphoma.
METHODS: Patients with pSS and lymphoma diagnoses and available lymphoma specimens were identified by linkage with the Swedish Patient Register 1964-2007 and the Cancer Register 1990-2007 (n = 79). Clinical data and lymphomas were reviewed and the diagnoses evaluated. All lymphoma tissues and available minor salivary gland biopsies (n = 11) were immunostained for IgG4 + PCs and evaluated for other histopathological signs of IgG4-RD. In a case with specific findings of IgG4-RD, other available tissue specimens of the same patient were investigated for IgG4-RD.
RESULTS: Only one patient of 79 (1.3%) had >10 IgG4 + PCs/high power field (HPF) in the lymphoma tissue, an unspecified low-grade B-cell lymphoma localized in the submandibular gland. This patient also had other histopathological features of IgG4-RD in the lymphoma and a surgical lung biopsy taken five years before lymphoma diagnosis and, therefore, fulfilled the criteria for IgG4-RD. Occasional IgG4 + PCs (<10/HPF) without signs of IgG4-RD were observed in another six lymphomas. No IgG4 + PCs were identified in the minor salivary gland biopsies.
CONCLUSION: Histopathological findings of IgG4-RD may co-exist with low malignant B-cell lymphoma in patients with initially suspected pSS and may be associated with an underlying IgG4-RD.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Rheumatology and Autoimmunity
Research subject Medical Science
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-300373DOI: 10.1080/0284186X.2016.1182644PubMedID: 27196149OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-300373DiVA: diva2:951349