Multicenter Evaluation of a 0-Hour/1-Hour Algorithm in the Diagnosis of Myocardial Infarction With High-Sensitivity Cardiac Troponin T
2016 (English)In: Annals of Emergency Medicine, ISSN 0196-0644, E-ISSN 1097-6760, Vol. 68, no 1, 76-87 p.Article in journal (Refereed) PublishedText
Study objective: We aim to prospectively validate the diagnostic accuracy of the recently developed 0-h/1-h algorithm, using high-sensitivity cardiac troponin T (hs-cTnT) for the early rule-out and rule-in of acute myocardial infarction. Methods: We enrolled patients presenting with suspected acute myocardial infarction and recent (<6 hours) onset of symptoms to the emergency department in a global multicenter diagnostic study. Hs-cTnT (Roche Diagnostics) and sensitive cardiac troponin I (Siemens Healthcare) were measured at presentation and after 1 hour, 2 hours, and 4 to 14 hours in a central laboratory. Patient triage according to the predefined hs-cTnT 0-hour/1-hour algorithm (hs-cTnT beloow 12 ng/L and Delta 1 hour below 3 ng/L to rule out; hs-cTnT at least 52 ng/L r Delta 1 hour at least 5 ng/L to rule in; remaining patients to the "observational zone") was compared against a centrally adjudicated final diagnosis by 2 independent cardiologists (reference standard). The final diagnosis was based on all available information, including coronary angiography and echocardiography results, follow-up data, and serial measurements of sensitive cardiac troponin I, whereas adjudicators remained blinded to hs-cTnT. Results: Among 1,282 patients enrolled, acute myocardial infarction was the final diagnosis for 213 (16.6%) patients. Applying the hs-cTnT 0-hour/1-hour algorithm, 813 (63.4%) patients were classified as rule out, 184 (14.4%) were classified as rule in, and 285 (22.2%) were triaged to the observational zone. This resulted in a negative predictive value and sensitivity for acute myocardial infarction of 99.1% (95% confidence interval [CI] 98.2% to 99.7%) and 96.7% (95% CI 93.4% to 98.7%) in the rule-out zone (7 patients with false-negative results), a positive predictive value and specificity for acute myocardial infarction of 77.2% (95% CI 70.4% to 83.0%) and 96.1% (95% CI 94.7% to 97.2%) in the rule-in zone, and a prevalence of acute myocardial infarction of 22.5% in the observational zone. Conclusion: The hs-cTnT 0-hour/1-hour algorithm performs well for early rule-out and rule-in of acute myocardial infarction.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. Vol. 68, no 1, 76-87 p.
Anesthesiology and Intensive Care
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-300470DOI: 10.1016/j.annemergmed.2015.11.013ISI: 000378980000015PubMedID: 26794254OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-300470DiVA: diva2:951441
Annual Meeting of the European-Society-of-Cardiology (ESC), AUG 30-SEP 03, 2014, Barcelona, SPAIN