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Divergence in selection of host species and plant parts among populations of a phytophagous insect
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Biology, Department of Ecology and Genetics, Plant Ecology and Evolution.
Univ Calif Santa Cruz, Dept Ecol & Evolutionary Biol, Santa Cruz, CA 95064 USA..
Univ Calif Santa Cruz, Dept Ecol & Evolutionary Biol, Santa Cruz, CA 95064 USA..
2016 (English)In: Evolutionary Ecology, ISSN 0269-7653, E-ISSN 1573-8477, Vol. 30, no 4, 723-737 p.Article in journal (Refereed) PublishedText
Abstract [en]

The diversification of phytophagous insects is often attributed to diverging processes of host plant specialization onto different, often closely related, host plants. Some insect clades have diversified by specializing not only on different plant species but also on different plant parts of the same hosts. This is the case in Greya moths (Prodoxidae) where both Greya obscura and G. politella are tightly linked to host plants of the genus Lithophragma (Saxifragaceae). We assess how these species differ in their choice of plants and use of plant parts. Previous work showed that strong local host specialization in G. politella is mediated by floral scent variation among Lithophragma species. Here, we identify geographic variation in host plant use in the close relative G. obscura, relate the emerging patterns to previous studies of geographic variation in host use in G. politella and evaluate potential processes underlying the variation among and within species. First, we show that G. obscura also uses floral chemistry to locate hosts but that additional plant cues must be involved in deciding whether to oviposit on a plant, because females did not discriminate against chemically different host species in no-choice trials. We also found that, although all known populations of G. politella oviposit only in flowers, all G. obscura populations examined here distributed their eggs among both floral and scape tissues both in the field and in laboratory experiments. The distribution of eggs among plant parts, however, varied among moth populations, and also depended on the Lithophragma species they attacked. Together, these results show the potential for phytophagous insect species and populations to diverge in use of plant parts as part of the process of speciation and adaptation. These two layers of specialization enhance the potential for subsequent diversification in phytophagous insect lineages.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. Vol. 30, no 4, 723-737 p.
Keyword [en]
Geographic variation, Host specialization, Diversification, Greya Lithophragma, Saxifragaceae, Prodoxidae
National Category
Ecology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-300436DOI: 10.1007/s10682-016-9835-6ISI: 000379520200009OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-300436DiVA: diva2:951566
Funder
Swedish Research CouncilThe Royal Swedish Academy of SciencesThe Crafoord FoundationThe Swedish Foundation for International Cooperation in Research and Higher Education (STINT)
Available from: 2016-08-09 Created: 2016-08-09 Last updated: 2016-08-09Bibliographically approved

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Friberg, Magne
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Plant Ecology and Evolution
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