Quasicrystal Approximants in the RE-Au-SM systems (RE = Gd, Tb, Ho, Yb; SM = Si, Ge): Syntheses, structures and properties
2016 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
In this study, new Tsai-type 1/1 quasicrystal approximants (ACs) in the RE-Au-SM systems (RE = Gd, Tb, Ho, Yb; SM = Si, Ge) were synthesized using high temperature synthesis techniques such as self-flux, arc-melting-annealing and novel arc-melting-self-flux methods. The syntheses not only provided appropriate samples for the intended structural and physical property measurements but could also be adapted to other systems, especially where crystal growth is a challenge. The newly developed arc-melting-self-flux method uses a temperature program that oscillates near the nucleation and melting points of the intended phase in order to obtain large single crystals. Self-flux methods employed to synthesize Ho-Au-Si and Tb-Au-Si ACs using a precursor alloy ≈Au79Si21 resulted in 100 mm3 and 8 mm3 single crystals, respectively.
The crystal structures of the compounds are determined by either one or combinations of the following diffraction techniques; single crystal x-ray, powder x-ray, powder neutron and single crystal neutron diffraction methods. The crystal structure refinements indicated that the compounds are essentially iso-structural with the prototype Tsai-type 1/1 approximant crystal, YbCd6. In the present compounds there are some structural variations at the cluster center and in the so-called cubic interstices located at (¼, ¼, ¼).
For the current ACs; either thermoelectric, magnetic or both properties were investigated. The measured properties were understood further by correlating the properties with the atomic structures of the ACs. Significant differences are observed in the thermoelectric properties, particularly on the lattice thermal conductivities (Kphonon) of Gd-Au-Si, Gd-Au-Ge and Yb-Au-Ge ACs. The difference is attributed to the presence of chemical and positional disorder.
Magnetic susceptibility and specific heat measurements revealed ferromagnetic transitions at low temperatures, Tc ≈ 22.5 K for Gd-Au-Si and Tc ≈ 13.1 K for Gd-Au-Ge. For a Tb-Au-Si AC with 14 % central-Tb occupancy, a ferrimagnetic-like transition was observed at Tc ≈ 9 K. Later, it was noted that the Tc and other magnetic properties depend on the occupancy of the central-RE site. Consistent decrease of Tc with increasing central-Tb occupancy is observed. The dependency of magnetic behavior with central-RE occupancy was clarified by solving the magnetic structure of the Tb-Au-Si AC.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Uppsala: Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis, 2016. , 74 p.
Digital Comprehensive Summaries of Uppsala Dissertations from the Faculty of Science and Technology, ISSN 1651-6214 ; 1400
Quasicrystal approximant, structure, physical property
Inorganic Chemistry Condensed Matter Physics
Research subject Chemistry with specialization in Inorganic Chemistry; Physics with spec. in Atomic, Molecular and Condensed Matter Physics
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-300683ISBN: 978-91-554-9646-3OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-300683DiVA: diva2:951905
2016-09-30, Å2005, Lägerhyddsvägen 1, Uppsala, 13:15 (English)
Goldman, Alan I., Distinguished Professor
Pay Gómez, CesarSahlberg, MartinGustafsson, Torbjörn
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