An analysis of factors for success of community-based disaster risk reduction in Java, Indonesia
Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
Indonesia has a very high exposure and high vulnerability to natural disasters. Community-based disaster risk reduction can be life-saving, cost effective and reduce the gap between development and humanitarian aid. Community-based activities enable people to express their real needs and priorities, allowing problems and measures to be defined and implemented effectively. In Indonesia, CBDRR initiatives often come from NGOs, university-based researchers, or (local) governments. This study aims to identify how community-based disaster risk reduction programs implemented by institutions can be successful. The hypothesis is that the key for successful community-based disaster risk reduction is to include and empower the communities at stake. Key concepts in this research for community-based disaster risk reduction are culture and vulnerability. The Pressure and Release model of Wisner et al (2004) addresses the structural vulnerability which underlies disasters and shows that they are a product of social, political and economic environments. The process framework integrating indigenous and scientific knowledge of Mercer et al (2010) enables the integration of scientific and local knowledge. Together, these models are used as the framework of analysis. Two case studies have been selected: volcanic eruptions of Mount Merapi and landslides in Banjarnegara. Findings have shown that there are programs focused on early warning systems and evacuations, relocation, and education in both areas. Application of the framework reveals that the models are effective tools to assess the success of community-based disaster risk reduction initiatives, as well as reasons for failure. Deriving from these findings, the factors that determine successful community-based disaster risk reduction are: community engagement through collaborating with community and stakeholders, identification of community goals and establishing trust; the identification of intrinsic and extrinsic vulnerability by addressing root causes, dynamic pressures, and unsafe conditions; identifying local knowledge and disaster mitigation strategies; and integrating these with scientific knowledge. The findings have also demonstrated that the hypothesis of this research - that the key for successful community-based disaster risk reduction programs implemented by institutions is to include and empower the communities at stake - is confirmed.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. , 61 p.
disaster risk reduction, Indonesia, Java, Merapi, Banjarnegara, disaster management, volcano, landslide, natural disasters
Social Sciences Interdisciplinary
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-300700OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-300700DiVA: diva2:951990
Subject / course
International Humanitarian Action
Master Programme in International Humanitarian Action
Larsson Lidén, Lisbeth, Dr
Westerlund, Katarina, Dr