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“What lies ahead of us?” Reconstructing the pre-mining groundconditions and environment in the landscape around Falun Mine,central Sweden
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Earth Sciences, Department of Earth Sciences.
2016 (English)In: Theme D - Frontier Landscapes,Landscape Frontiers: D4 The Landscape of The Mining District of Bergslagen -In the Borderland Between the Agricultural Areas and theLarge Wooded Areas, 2016Conference paper, Abstract (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Mining is one of the most devastating human activities affecting the environment. FalunMine, in Dalarna County (Bergslagen), Sweden, is a typical example of this extensivelandscape alteration. The mine itself does not have the most obvious impact on theenvironment, but instead it is the activities connected to the mining that have a heavyimpact. These include the management of ore, waste accumulation, along with thereorganization of the environment into an industrial landscape by, for example, materialtransfer, changing water courses and establishing settlements and infrastructure. Theactivity also has far-reaching spatial and temporal impacts seen in forest managementand air pollution, for example. When trying to understand the development, as well as theattraction, of these frontier landscapes, one must first understand the former environmentaland ground conditions. This is a complicated process in areas that have been significantlyreorganised by human activity. In this project, a pre-mining landscape is reconstructedby combining map analysis, field mapping and investigations and previous publications.The site was originally dominated by a substantial mire that has now totally vanished andbeen replaced by a large depression that was created in 1687 and expanded as a mineinto the 20th century. The reconstructed landscape has many similarities with the presentsurrounding natural environment, but has higher wetland and fine sediment coverage. Thelatter is a useful resource and interesting for agricultural purposes – which were key beforethe mineral resources were found – but are now long gone.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016.
Keyword [en]
Falu mine, mining landscape, environment, human impact
National Category
Earth and Related Environmental Sciences Other Earth and Related Environmental Sciences
Research subject
Earth Science with specialization in Quaternary Geology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-300761OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-300761DiVA: diva2:952334
Conference
4th International Landscape Archaeology Conference (LAC) 22nd-25th August 2016, Uppsala University
Projects
Falun ovan från Falun under
Available from: 2016-08-12 Created: 2016-08-12 Last updated: 2016-08-12

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Hellqvist, Magnus
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