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Intra-day variability of cystatin C, creatinine and estimated GFR in intensive care patients.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Sciences, Biochemial structure and function.
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2016 (English)In: Clinica Chimica Acta, ISSN 0009-8981, E-ISSN 1873-3492, Vol. 460Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

BACKGROUND: Markers of renal function are widely used in intensive care and sudden changes are important indicators of acute kidney injury. The problem is to distinguish between disease progression/improvement from the natural variation in the patient. The aim of the present study was thus to study the normal intraday variation in ICU patients.

METHODS: We studied the intra-day variation of creatinine, cystatin C and estimated GFR based on these two markers in 28 clinically stable ICU patients.

RESULTS: The median diurnal coefficient of variation sCV) for creatinine was 3.70% (1.92-9.25%) while the median CV for cystatin C was 3.66% (1.36-8.11%). The corresponding CVs for the estimated GFRs were 2.00% (0.89-9.82%) for eGFRcreatinine and 4.60% (1.65-10.24%) for eGFRcystc.

CONCLUSIONS: The eGFRcreatinine values in individual patients were clearly higher than the eGFRcystc values. The median CV for creatinine, cystatin C and the eGFR measurements were below 5% which means that 95% of the test results will vary by <10% between sampling times in stable ICU patients. Differences >10% between sampling times are thus likely to be an indication of changes in biomarker levels due to the disease/treatment.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. Vol. 460
National Category
Anesthesiology and Intensive Care
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-300991DOI: 10.1016/j.cca.2016.06.014PubMedID: 27315745OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-300991DiVA: diva2:953152
Available from: 2016-08-16 Created: 2016-08-16 Last updated: 2016-08-16

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