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Transparent single crystalline ZrO2-SiO2 glass nanoceramic sintered by SPS
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Applied Materials Sciences.
Chinese Acad Sci, Shanghai Inst Ceram, State Key Lab High Performance Ceram & Superfine, 1295 Dingxi Rd, Shanghai 200050, Peoples R China..
McMaster Univ, Dept Mat Sci & Engn, Hamilton, ON, Canada.;McMaster Univ, Sch Biomed Engn, Hamilton, ON, Canada..
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Applied Materials Sciences.
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2016 (English)In: Journal of the European Ceramic Society, ISSN 0955-2219, E-ISSN 1873-619X, Vol. 36, no 14, 3487-3494 p.Article in journal (Refereed) PublishedText
Abstract [en]

Transparent ZrO2-SiO2 glass ceramics show potential for application in the dental industry. The application of this material prepared by a sol-gel method was hindered by the difficulties in obtaining large dimension samples. Spark plasma sintering (SPS) offers the possibility of achieving transparent ZrO2-SiO2 glass ceramics. In this study, a ZrO2-SiO2 powder was prepared by the sol-gel method and subsequently sintered by SPS. Varied sintering temperatures and pressures were explored to achieve better mechanical strength and transparency. TEM results showed single crystalline ZrO2 spherical nanocrystals (approximately 20 nm) homogenously embedded in the SiO2 matrix. Tetragonal ZrO2 was the only crystalline phase in all specimens. With sintering conditions of 1200 degrees C and 30 MPa, a glass ceramic with fracture toughness of 4.13 MPa was obtained. This value is similar to the commercial dental glass ceramic of IPS e.max (R) Press. The studied transparent glass ceramic with high transparency and moderate mechanical strength shows promise for dental application.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. Vol. 36, no 14, 3487-3494 p.
Keyword [en]
ZrO2-SiO2, Single crystalline spheres, Transparent glass ceramic, SPS, Sol-gel
National Category
Materials Engineering
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-301007DOI: 10.1016/j.jeurceramsoc.2016.05.016ISI: 000379888400029OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-301007DiVA: diva2:953279
Funder
Carl Tryggers foundation
Available from: 2016-08-17 Created: 2016-08-17 Last updated: 2016-09-02Bibliographically approved

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Fu, LeGrandfield, KathrynUnosson, ErikEngqvist, HåkanXia, Wei
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