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The Role of the T lymphocytes and Remodeling in Asthma.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Sciences, Respiratory Medicine and Allergology. Univ Suleimani, Fac Med Sci, Sch Med, Dept Med Microbiol Immunol, Sulaimania, Iraq.
2016 (English)In: Inflammation, ISSN 0360-3997, E-ISSN 1573-2576, Vol. 39, no 4, 1475-1482 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In allergic asthma (AA), inflammatory changes in the airway epithelium may contribute to the characteristic pathophysiology and symptoms. The presence of T lymphocytes, eosinophils, mast cells and macrophages, the presence of cytokines, and also structural changes in the airway mucous membrane are characteristic for asthma. Bronchial biopsy specimens were obtained from 33 AA, 25 nonallergic asthma (NAA), and 20 healthy controls (HC). This study used immunohistochemical techniques for identified monoclonal antibodies (CD3, CD4, CD8, CD25, ECP, MBP, tenascin, and laminin) in the bronchi. The highest number of eosinophils and T lymphocyte cells in bronchial biopsies was found in AA, and NAA. The number of T lymphocytes in AA was significantly higher than in NAA and HC. The degree of epithelial damage was higher in the AA group compared to the other groups. The tenascin- and laminin-positive layers in AA were thicker than other groups. In AA, a significant negative correlation was found between epithelial integrity and the count for eosinophils or T lymphocytes. T lymphocytes and eosinophils in AA were found in the area of epithelial and lamina propria damage. This article suggests that T lymphocytes may not only contribute to the chronic airway inflammatory response, airway remodeling, and symptomatology but may also have a central role at the initiation of the allergic immune response. Th-targeted therapy would be of considerable interest in controlling AA. Having more knowledge on the roles of T lymphocytes in the pathogenesis of allergic inflammation highlights the contributions of these cells in regulating and may lead to a new therapeutic target-AA.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. Vol. 39, no 4, 1475-1482 p.
Keyword [en]
T lymphocytes; allergy; asthma; bronchial hyperresponsiveness; immunohistochemistry; inflammatory cells
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-301119DOI: 10.1007/s10753-016-0380-9ISI: 000380232200022PubMedID: 27221139OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-301119DiVA: diva2:954030
Available from: 2016-08-19 Created: 2016-08-18 Last updated: 2016-09-14Bibliographically approved

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