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New material of Laophis crotaloides, an enigmatic giant snake from Greece, with an overview of the largest fossil European vipers
Univ Fribourg, Dept Geosci, Chemin Musee 6, CH-1700 Fribourg, Switzerland.;Univ Turin, Dept Earth Sci, Valperga Caluso 35, I-10125 Turin, Italy..
Polish Acad Sci, Inst Systemat & Evolut Anim, Slawkowska 17, PL-31016 Krakow, Poland..
Uppsala University, Music and Museums, Museum of Evolution. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Earth Sciences, Department of Earth Sciences, Palaeobiology.
Univ Turin, Dept Earth Sci, Valperga Caluso 35, I-10125 Turin, Italy.;Univ Autonoma Barcelona, Inst Catala Paleontol Miquel Crusafont, Edifici ICTA ICP,Carrer Columnes S-N,Campus UAB, ES-08193 Barcelona, Spain..
2016 (English)In: Swiss Journal of Geosciences, ISSN 1661-8726, E-ISSN 1661-8734, Vol. 109, no 1, 103-116 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Laophis crotaloides was described by Richard Owen as a new and very large fossil viperid snake species from Greece. The type material is apparently lost and the taxon was mostly neglected for more than a century. We here describe a new partial viperid vertebra, collected from the same locality and of equivalent size to the type material. This vertebra indicates that at least one of the three morphological characters that could be used to diagnose L. crotaloides is probably an artifact of the lithographer who prepared the illustration supporting the original description. A revised diagnosis of L. crotaloides is provided on the basis of the new specimen. Despite the fragmentary nature of the new vertebra, it confirms the validity of L. crotaloides, although its exact relationships within Viperidae remain unknown. The new find supports the presence of a large viperid snake in the early Pliocene of northern Greece, adding further data to the diversity of giant vipers from Europe.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. Vol. 109, no 1, 103-116 p.
Keyword [en]
Serpentes, Viperids, Neogene, Greece, Gigantism
National Category
Earth and Related Environmental Sciences Biological Sciences
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-302241DOI: 10.1007/s00015-016-0210-yISI: 000376412300007OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-302241DiVA: diva2:957157
Available from: 2016-09-01 Created: 2016-08-31 Last updated: 2016-09-01Bibliographically approved

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Kear, Benjamin P.
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