Exploring Catalytic Tellurium-Based Antioxidants: Synthesis and Evaluation
2016 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
This thesis is concerned with the synthesis and evaluation of various tellurium-based chain-breaking antioxidants. The purpose is to find novel regenerable compounds with improved radical-trapping capacity.
In the first part of this work, we explore the possibilities to incorporate tellurium into tocopherols and aromatic amines. Overall, tocopherols carrying alkyltelluro groups are better radical-trapping agents than the corresponding sulfur- and selenium analogues. Among them, 7-octyltelluro δ-tocopherol showed a ca. 17-fold higher reactivity than recorded for α-tocopherol and much better regenerability. Even longer inhibition times were recorded for the corresponding bis(tocopheryl) tellurides. In the aromatic amine series, diphenyl amines carrying alkyltelluro groups were shown to function as efficient radical-quenchers capable of inhibiting peroxidation for 460 min in the presence of N-acetylcysteine. Thiol-consumption experiments suggested that the long inhibition times are due to efficient quenching of in-situ formed alkoxyl radicals in a solvent cage.
In the second part of the thesis, we study how the antioxidant properties are affected by variations in the electron density at tellurium and the number of alkyltelluro substituents in the molecule. Evaluation of a series of aryltelluro phenols carrying electron donating and electron withdrawing groups in the para-position of the aryl moiety suggested that a high electron density at the heteroatom prolonged the inhibition time. Among alkyltelluro phenols, alkyltelluro resorcinols and bis(alkyltelluro) phenols, phenols carrying alkyltelluro groups in both ortho positions were superior when it comes to radical-trapping activity and regenerability.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Uppsala: Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis, 2016. , 72 p.
Digital Comprehensive Summaries of Uppsala Dissertations from the Faculty of Science and Technology, ISSN 1651-6214 ; 1423
antioxidant, tellurium, selenium, radical-trapping, chain-breaking, ROS, glutathione peroxidase, tocopherol, aromatic amine, oxidative stress
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-302475ISBN: 978-91-554-9684-5OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-302475DiVA: diva2:957745
2016-10-27, B41, BMC, Husargatan 3, Uppsala, 09:30 (English)
List of papers