Prejudice: Its Personality and Social Psychology Components
2004 (English)In: The 4th Nordic Conference on Group and Social Psychology, 2004Conference paper (Other scientific)
The present paper focuses on the personality and the social psychology approaches to explaining prejudice. In Study 1, examining the relation between Big-Five basic personality and generalised prejudice (a factor based on ethnic prejudice, sexism, homophobia, and negative attitudes to mentally disabled people), we found Openness to Experience and Agreeableness to be related to generalised prejudice. In Study 2, in addition to basic personality and generalised prejudice, we included Social Dominance Orientation (SDO) and Right-Wing Authoritarianism (RWA) and examined various causal models of the relationships among these variables. The best-fitting causal model showed that generalised prejudice was effected indirectly by Extraversion, Openness to Experience, and Conscientiousness through RWA, and by Agreeableness through SDO, whereas Neuroticism had no effect at all. Thus, basic personality had no direct effect on generalised prejudice but an indirect effect transmitted through RWA and SDO, which both had strong direct effects on generalised prejudice, with RWA capturing basic personality aspects to a greater extent than SDO. Study 3 examined whether prejudice (sexism) is better explained by personality variables (Big-Five, SDO, and RWA) or social group membership (gender). Based on the outcome of Study 2, causal models were proposed and tested. The results showed that the best causal model to explain prejudice was the one that included the personality as well as the social group membership constructs. This outcome, also supported by multiple regression analyses, suggests that an integration of the personality and the social psychology approaches to explaining prejudicial beliefs would be the best option. The findings in the three studies are discussed against the background of recent research based on the personality and social psychology approaches to the study of prejudice.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
personality, social psychology, prejudice
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-68473OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-68473DiVA: diva2:96384