The EU and the Western Balkans: Intervention and Security
2005 (English)Conference paper (Refereed)
The Western Balkan conflicts of the 1990´s have had a major impact on European security. In 1991, at the early stage of Yugoslavia's disintegration, the reaction of the EC/EU was based on fears of snowballing effects from the violent conflicts and a more general feeling of uncertainty and insecurity caused by the recent collapse of communism. Aside from death and misery in the immediate war territories, other kinds of issues in the form of social and economic strains appeared on the political agenda all over Europe as a result of the Balkan conflicts. Migration, cross-border criminality and the following social unrest became identified by the EU and its member countries as security issues or, using a theoretical concept, securitized. The argument of this paper is that the external effects of the Balkan conflicts influenced the transformation of the European security agenda. The changing EU reaction to the conflicts included the tightening and closing of borders for the flow of humans, capital and products along with an increasing external intervention in the Western Balkans. This paper has argued that the conflicts of the Western Balkans has affected the security policy agenda of the European Union in such a way that there is reason to suspect that the measures taken by the EU to counter the internal effects of the conflicts may have a negative effect on the external security policy measures taken by the EU to enhance security in the Western Balkan region. One conclusion of this would be that enhanced security in the EU member states does not have to correspond with enhanced security in the Western Balkans. The idea is to go on and study how the strict border regimes and regulations of movement affect the push- and pull factors that influence the relationship between the EU and the Western Balkans.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Western Balkans, EU, Security, Third Party Intervention, Security Policy
Social Sciences Interdisciplinary Social Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-68933OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-68933DiVA: diva2:96844