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Assessing Type A behavior in children: a longitudinal exploration of the overlap between Type A behavior and hyperactivity.
Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology. (Utvecklingspsykologi)
Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology. (Utvecklingspsykologi)
Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology. (Utvecklingspsykologi)
2004 (English)In: Scand J Psychol, ISSN 0036-5564, Vol. 45, no 2, 145-56 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Child Type A behavior and its relation to hyperactivity were investigated developmentally using a longitudinal normal sample of 91 children (46 boys and 45 girls) between the ages of 4 and 8-9. In light of the overlap found in several studies between Type A behavior, as measured by the Matthews Youth Test for Health (MYTH) questionnaire, and hyperactivity measured by questionnaires, an attempt was made to measure Type A behavior as distinct from hyperactivity using behavioral observations. The MYTH questionnaire and behavioral observations were used to assess Type A behavior and questionnaire-based measures and behavioral observations were used to assess hyperactivity. Predictions were made regarding individual stability in phenomena and in measures. The results indicated considerable stability in the respective Type A and hyperactivity measures over time, and further, that behavioral observations make it possible to measure Global Type A behavior and Type A Competitiveness as distinct from hyperactivity, although the status of Type A Impatience at early ages is not yet settled. The MYTH and the observed Type A behavior showed differential relations to external criteria, such as achievement measures and problem behavior. This has implications for future measurement and perhaps conceptualization of Type A behavior in children, and thereby also for studying the developmental aspects of Type A behavior.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2004. Vol. 45, no 2, 145-56 p.
Keyword [en]
Achievement, Attention Deficit Disorder with Hyperactivity/*diagnosis/*psychology, Child, Child Behavior, Child; Preschool, Female, Humans, Longitudinal Studies, Male, Observation, Questionnaires, Reproducibility of Results, Research Support; Non-U.S. Gov't, Sweden, Type A Personality
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-68954PubMedID: 15016268OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-68954DiVA: diva2:96865
Available from: 2005-03-16 Created: 2005-03-16 Last updated: 2011-01-12

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Nyberg, LilianneBohlin, GunillaHagekull, Berit

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