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Oxidative stress enables Epstein-Barr virus-induced B-cell transformation by posttranscriptional regulation of viral and cellular growth-promoting factors
Karolinska Inst, Dept Cell & Mol Biol, Berzelius Vag 35, S-17177 Stockholm, Sweden..
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Biochemistry and Microbiology. Karolinska Inst, Dept Cell & Mol Biol, Berzelius Vag 35, S-17177 Stockholm, Sweden.
Karolinska Inst, Dept Cell & Mol Biol, Berzelius Vag 35, S-17177 Stockholm, Sweden..
2016 (English)In: Oncogene, ISSN 0950-9232, E-ISSN 1476-5594, Vol. 35, no 29, 3807-3816 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Infection of human B lymphocytes by Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) leads to the establishment of immortalized lymphoblastoid cell lines (LCLs) that are widely used as a model of viral oncogenesis. An early consequence of infection is the induction of DNA damage and activation of the DNA damage response, which limits the efficiency of growth transformation. The cause of the DNA damage remains poorly understood. We have addressed this question by comparing the response of B lymphocytes infected with EBV or stimulated with a potent B-cell mitogen. We found that although the two stimuli induce comparable proliferation during the first 10 days of culture, the EBV-infected blasts showed significantly higher levels of DNA damage, which correlated with stronger and sustained accumulation of reactive oxygen species (ROS). Treatment with ROS scavengers decreased DNA damage in both mitogen-stimulated and EBV-infected cells. However, while mitogen-induced proliferation was slightly improved, the proliferation of EBV-infected cells and the establishment of LCLs were severely impaired. Quenching of ROS did not affect the kinetics and magnitude of viral gene expression but was associated with selective downregulation of the viral LMP1 and phosphorylated cellular transcription factor STAT3 that have key roles in transformation. Analysis of the mechanism by which high levels of ROS support LMP1 expression revealed selective inhibition of viral microRNAs that target the LMP1 transcript. Our study provides novel insights into the role of EBV-induced oxidative stress in promoting B-cell immortalization and malignant transformation.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. Vol. 35, no 29, 3807-3816 p.
National Category
Basic Medicine
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-303135DOI: 10.1038/onc.2015.450ISI: 000380753200006PubMedID: 26592445OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-303135DiVA: diva2:971044
Funder
Swedish Cancer Society
Available from: 2016-09-15 Created: 2016-09-15 Last updated: 2016-09-15Bibliographically approved

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Kamranvar, Siamak A.
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