uu.seUppsala University Publications
Change search
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
A magnetotelluric investigation of the Scandinavian Caledonides in western Jämtland, Sweden, using the COSC borehole logs as prior information
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Earth Sciences, Department of Earth Sciences, Geophysics.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Earth Sciences, Department of Earth Sciences, Geophysics.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-6853-4864
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Earth Sciences, Department of Earth Sciences, Geophysics.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-3819-8182
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Earth Sciences, Department of Earth Sciences, Geophysics.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-2776-0846
Show others and affiliations
2017 (English)In: Geophysical Journal International, ISSN 0956-540X, E-ISSN 1365-246X, Vol. 208, no 3, 1465-1489 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In connection with the Collisional Orogeny in the Scandinavian Caledonides (COSC) project, broad-band magnetotelluric (MT) data were acquired at 78 stations along a recent ca. 55km- long NW-SE directed reflection seismic profile (referred to as the COSC Seismic Profile; CSP), with the eastern end located similar to 30 km to the west of the orogenic Caledonian front. The MT component of the project aims at (i) delineating the highly conductive (similar to 0.1 Omega . m) alum shales that are associated with an underlying main decollement and (ii) calibrating the MT model to borehole logs. Strike and distortion analyses of the MT data show a 3-D structure in the western 10 km of the profile around the 2.5 km deep COSC-1 borehole (IGSN: ICDP5054EHW1001) and a preferred strike angle of N34 degrees E in the central and eastern parts of the profile. 2-D modelling of MT impedances was tested using different inversion schemes and parameters. To adjust the resistivity structure locally around the borehole, resistivity logging data from COSC-1 were successfully employed as prior constraints in the 2-D MT inversions. Compared with the CSP, the model inverted from the determinant impedances shows the highest level of structural similarity. A shallow resistor (> 1000 Omega . m) in the top 2-3 km depth underneath the western most 10 km of the profile around COSC-1 corresponds to a zone of high seismic reflectivity, and a boundary at less than 1 km depth where the resistivity decreases rapidly from > 100 to < 1 Omega . m in the central and eastern parts of the profile coincides with the first seismic reflections. The depth to this boundary is well constrained as shown by 1-D inversions of the MT data from five selected sites and it decreases towards the Caledonian front in the east. Underneath the easternmost part of the profile, the MT data show evidence of a second deeper conductor (resistivity < 1 Omega . m) at > 3 km depth. Based upon the COSC-1 borehole logs, the CSP reflection seismic image, and the surface geologic map, the MT resistivity models were interpreted geologically. In the vicinity of COSC-1, the resistor down to 2-3 km depth pertains to the metamorphic Middle Allochthon. The up to 1000-m-thick shallow resistor in the central and eastern parts of the profile is interpreted to overly an imbricated unit at the bottom of the Lower Allochthon that includes the alum shales. In the MT resistivity model, the 300-500 m thick imbricated unit masks the main Caledonian decollement at its bottom. A second possible interpretation, though not favoured here, is that the decollement occurs along a much deeper seismic reflection shallowing from 4.5 km depth in the west to similar to 600 m depth in the east. An additional borehole (COSC-2) is planned to penetrate the Lower Allochthon and the main decollement surface in the central part of the profile and can provide information to overcome this interpretational ambiguity. Using a synthetic study, we evaluate how resistivity logs from COSC-2 can improve the 2-D inversion model.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017. Vol. 208, no 3, 1465-1489 p.
Keyword [en]
Inverse theory, Downhole methods, Magnetotellurics, Continental tectonics: compressional, Europe
National Category
Geophysics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-303495DOI: 10.1093/gji/ggw457ISI: 000396818900016OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-303495DiVA: diva2:972031
Funder
Swedish Research Council, 2013-5780The Geological Survey of Sweden (SGU)
Available from: 2016-09-20 Created: 2016-09-20 Last updated: 2017-04-27Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Inversion of Magnetotelluric Data Constrained by Borehole Logs and Reflection Seismic Sections
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Inversion of Magnetotelluric Data Constrained by Borehole Logs and Reflection Seismic Sections
2016 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

This thesis presents two new algorithms for doing constrained Magnetotelluric (MT) inversion based on an existing Occam 2D inversion program. The first algorithm includes borehole resistivity logs as prior information to constrain resistivity directly in the vicinity of boreholes. The second algorithm uses reflection seismic data as prior constraints to transfer structural information from seismic images to 2D resistivity models. These two algorithms are efficient (proved through tests of synthetic examples) and widely applicable. In this thesis, they have been successfully applied to the COSC (Collisional Orogeny in the Scandinavian Caledonides) MT data.

The COSC project aims to study the mountain belt dynamics in central Sweden by drilling two 2.5 km deep boreholes. MT data were collected to locate the main décollement that separates the overlying Caledonian allochthons and the underlying Precambrian basement, as the main décollement is associated with very conductive Alum shale. The previous interpretation based on part of the COSC seismic profile (CSP) was that the main décollement was located along a reflection with depth of 4.5 km underneath Åre and ~3 km underneath Mörsil, in central Jämtland.

The MT resistivity model reveals a very conductive layer in the central and western parts of the profile, the top of which coincides with the first seismic reflection. This means that the first conductive alum shale layer occurs at less than 1 km depth, supporting a new interpretation of the main décollement at shallower depth. In a re-interpretation of the CSP data based on the MT model, the main décollement occurs a few hundred metres below the top of the conductor and is coincident with a laterally continuous seismic reflection. Further, the overlying seismic reflections resemble imbricated alum shale of the Lower Allochthon. MT inversion using seismic constraints from CSP gives further support to the new interpretation.

Moreover, MT investigations were conducted in the Alnö alkaline and carbonatite ring-intrusion complex in Sweden. 2D and 3D resistivity models inverted from MT data together with resistivity and porosity laboratory measurements delineate a fossil magma chamber as a resistive anomaly surrounded by electrically conductive up-doming and ring-shaped faults and fractures.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Uppsala: Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis, 2016. 76 p.
Series
Digital Comprehensive Summaries of Uppsala Dissertations from the Faculty of Science and Technology, ISSN 1651-6214 ; 1429
Keyword
Magnetotellurics, constrained inversion, borehole logs, seismic, COSC, Alnö alkaline and carbonatite, airborne VLF
National Category
Geophysics
Research subject
Geophysics with specialization in Solid Earth Physics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-303498 (URN)978-91-554-9694-4 (ISBN)
Public defence
2016-11-07, Hambergsalen, Geocentrum, Villavägen 16, Uppsala, 10:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2016-10-17 Created: 2016-09-20 Last updated: 2016-10-19

Open Access in DiVA

No full text

Other links

Publisher's full text

Search in DiVA

By author/editor
Yan, PingGarcı́a Juanatey, Marı́a A.Kalscheuer, ThomasJuhlin, ChristopherHedin, PeterLorenz, Henning
By organisation
Geophysics
In the same journal
Geophysical Journal International
Geophysics

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar

Altmetric score

Total: 323 hits
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf