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Patient Experiences of Life Years After Severe Civilian Lower Extremity Trauma With Vascular Injury
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical Sciences, Orthopaedics.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical Sciences, Vascular Surgery.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-6561-9734
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Health Services Research.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical Sciences.
2016 (English)In: European Journal of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery, ISSN 1078-5884, E-ISSN 1532-2165, Vol. 52, no 5, 690-695 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

OBJECTIVE: Severe lower limb trauma with arterial injury is often devastating for the individual. Many studies describe how to manage these injuries when they occur. Short-term functional outcome is quite well described, but the patients are often young, and their suffering is physical, mental, and social from a lifelong perspective. The aim of this study was to report patient experiences of their lives several years after their accidents, and to explore mechanisms of how to improve management.

METHOD: The Swedvasc registry was searched for participants from 1987 to 2011, living in the region of Uppsala, Sweden. Some amputated participants were added from the Walking Rehabilitation Center. There were five reconstructed patients with an intact limb, and three with amputations. In depth interviews were conducted and systematically analyzed, using A Giorgi's descriptive phenomenological method.

RESULTS: Eight patients participated, five with reconstructed and three with amputated limbs. Life affecting functional impairments were described by all patients. The patients undergoing amputation had received more structured follow up and support through the Walking Rehabilitation Center. The satisfaction with the cosmetic result was poorer than expected. All patients had developed strategies of how to cope with their impairments and stated they now lived "normal lives."

CONCLUSIONS: Despite substantial physical, psychological, and cosmetic impairments years after severe lower limb trauma, the participants described life as "normal" and mainly satisfactory. Transition to the new situation could have been facilitated by more frequent and continuous follow up after discharge from hospital, in particular among the non-amputated patients who tend to be lost to follow up. Findings also indicate that family members have to be acknowledged, strengthened, and supported.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. Vol. 52, no 5, 690-695 p.
Keyword [en]
Amputation, Reconstruction, Vascular injury, Vascular surgery, Phenomenological, Qualitative
National Category
Surgery
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-303522DOI: 10.1016/j.ejvs.2016.07.021ISI: 000388052200028PubMedID: 27637376OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-303522DiVA: diva2:972173
Available from: 2016-09-20 Created: 2016-09-20 Last updated: 2017-11-21Bibliographically approved

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Bernhoff, KarinBjörck, MartinLarsson, JanJangland, Eva

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