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Conflict Beyond the Market : Climate shocks and organized violence in areas of subsistence agriculture
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
2016 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

Substantial efforts in both academic research and policy work have been dedicated to finding a general relationship between climate change and conflict, with highly inconclusive results. Instead of attempting to establish a general, global linkage, this paper focuses solely on one of the potential transmission mechanisms of climate shocks into organized violence: anomalies affecting subsistence agricultural practices in locations lacking market access which in turn result in changes of opportunity structures that in turn lead to violence. Building on theoretical work on rational decision making under subsistence conditions, the paper employs a novel empirical strategy, being the first study to use global disaggregated data on organized violence, climate and agriculture, as well as a novel methodological approach created to reduce the impact of media reporting bias. Findings cannot confirm this transmission mechanism under a series of different specifications, even when such specifications are relaxed, adding yet another inconclusive result to the existent corpus of literature while opening new avenues for future research.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. , 57 p.
Keyword [en]
climate change, climate shocks, armed conflict, organized violence, conflict, subsistence agriculture
National Category
Other Social Sciences not elsewhere specified Political Science Economic Geography
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-303528OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-303528DiVA: diva2:972206
Educational program
Master Programme in Politics and International Studies
Available from: 2016-09-20 Created: 2016-09-20 Last updated: 2016-09-20Bibliographically approved

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