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In My Shoes - Validation of a computer assisted approach for interviewing children
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Women's and Children's Health, Pediatrics. (CHAP)ORCID iD: 0000-0001-9879-941X
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Women's and Children's Health, Pediatrics. (CHAP)
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Women's and Children's Health, Pediatrics. (CHAP)ORCID iD: 0000-0003-0136-8862
Division of Psychology and Mental Health, School of Health Sciences, The University of Manchester.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-4385-1687
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2016 (English)In: Child Abuse & Neglect: The International Journal, ISSN 0145-2134, Vol. 58, 160-172 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Interviewing young children presents a challenge because they tend to provide incomplete accounts and are easily misled. Therefore there is a need for techniques to improve young children's recall, while maintaining accuracy and increasing completeness. The computer-assisted interview In My Shoes (IMS) is an aid that potentially offers a way for young children to provide accounts of their experiences. This study examined the validity of IMS, by comparing it with a forensic best practice interview approach using a real life clinical situation to ensure high ecological validity. Children were randomly assigned to either method and both accuracy and completeness of statements made by 4- and 5-year-olds (N = 54) regarding a video-documented health check-up were assessed. The In My Shoes interviews were as good as best practice interviews on all accuracy measures for both age groups, except for object accuracy that was better in the forensic interview condition. Events description completeness was similar in both interview conditions; however, IMS interviews generated more complete statements about people present at the visit. The findings suggest that the IMS approach yields comparable results to a best practice interview, and it can be used as an alternative aid in child interviews.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. Vol. 58, 160-172 p.
Keyword [en]
Interviewing aid, Child, Computer-assisted interview, Validity, In My Shoes
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Research subject
Social Medicine; Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-303099DOI: 10.1016/j.chiabu.2016.06.022ISI: 000381241400016PubMedID: 27394051OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-303099DiVA: diva2:974997
Funder
VINNOVA, 259-2012-68Forte, Swedish Research Council for Health, Working Life and Welfare, 259-2012-68
Note

Forskningsfinansiär: Allmänna Barnhuset, FB13-0014

Available from: 2016-09-28 Created: 2016-09-15 Last updated: 2017-10-13
In thesis
1. ‘I don’t even remember anything’: Optimising the choice of method when interviewing preschoolers
Open this publication in new window or tab >>‘I don’t even remember anything’: Optimising the choice of method when interviewing preschoolers
2017 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

There is increasing need and demand in various contexts to take children’s perspectives into account, including the views and opinions of the youngest children. However, listening to the voices of children is a challenging and complex task, and the field is normatively loaded. There is thus a growing need for valid and reliable methods and techniques that aid children to verbalise their experiences. The overall aim of this thesis was to examine the ability of the In My Shoes computer assisted interview and a Standard verbal interview to elicit accurate information and evaluative content, when used with preschool-aged children and determine their suitability in relation to situationally shy children.

Our studies show that the two interview methods, in general, provided equally accurate and complete statements. In addition, the IMS interview can be a more useful and suitable tool during the rapport phase with situationally shy children compared to the Standard verbal method. For non-shy children, the interview methods were equally adequate. In relation to evaluative information, the recommended open-ended questions in the Standard verbal interview were insufficient. Children appeared to need evaluative questions in order to provide evaluative content. Examining the ability of IMS to elicit subjective experiences showed that using IMS aided children to provide detailed and varied descriptions of emotions, somatic experiences, and objects such as toys.  

Thus, when choosing the optimal child interview method, there are several aspects that need to be considered, including the degree to which children’s statements need to be accurate and complete and/or contain evaluative information and the child’s level of shyness. These studies have increased the number of evaluated methods for interviewing children and contributed to new knowledge about the challenging task of optimising the choice of method for interviewing preschoolers.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Uppsala: Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis, 2017. 86 p.
Series
Digital Comprehensive Summaries of Uppsala Dissertations from the Faculty of Medicine, ISSN 1651-6206 ; 1381
Keyword
child, interview method, computer-assisted interview, validity, forensic, shy, distress, emotion
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Research subject
Social Medicine; Psychology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-331193 (URN)978-91-513-0106-8 (ISBN)
Public defence
2017-12-01, Sal IX, Universitetshuset, Biskopsgatan 3, Uppsala, 09:15 (Swedish)
Opponent
Supervisors
Funder
Swedish Research Council Formas, 259-2012-68Forte, Swedish Research Council for Health, Working Life and Welfare, 259-2012-68Swedish Research Council, 259-2012-68VINNOVA, 259-2012-68
Note

Forskningsfinansiering: Stiftelsen Allmänna Barnhuset, FB13-0014 

Available from: 2017-11-10 Created: 2017-10-13 Last updated: 2017-11-10

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