Two different types of amyloid deposits - apolipoprotein A-IV and transthyretin - in a patient with systemic amyloidosis
2004 (English)In: Lab. Invest., Vol. 84, 981-988 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Certain forms of systemic amyloidosis have been associated with the pathologic deposition as fibrils of three different apolipoprotein-related proteins--apolipoprotein A-I, apolipoprotein A-II, and serum amyloid A. We have previously reported (Bergstrom et al, Biochem Biophys Res Commun 2001;285:903-908) that amyloid fibrils extracted from the heart of an elderly male with senile systemic amyloidosis contained, in addition to wild-type transthyretin-related molecules, an N-terminal fragment of yet a fourth apolipoprotein--apolipoprotein A-IV (apoA-IV). We now provide the results of our studies that have established the complete amino-acid sequence of this approximately 70-residue component and, additionally, have shown this protein to be the product of an unmutated apoA-IV gene. Notably, the apoA-IV and transthyretin fibrils were not codeposited but, rather, had anatomically distinct patterns of distribution within the heart and other organs, as evidenced immunohistochemically, by variation in the ultra structural morphology and by differences in the intensity of Congo red birefringence. These findings provide the first conclusive evidence that two separate forms of amyloid, each derived from a wild-type amyloidogenic precursor protein, were present in a patient with systemic amyloidosis.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2004. Vol. 84, 981-988 p.
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-69803OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-69803DiVA: diva2:97714