Perceptions of distress among adolescents recently diagnosed with cancer
2005 (English)In: Journal of pediatric hematology/oncology (Print), ISSN 1077-4114, E-ISSN 1536-3678, Vol. 27, no 1, 15-22 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
With the goal of studying perceived distress among adolescents recently diagnosed with cancer, 56 adolescents were interviewed by telephone 4 to 8 weeks after diagnosis. The interviews included a structured interview guide, the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale, and the subscales Mental Health and Vitality from SF-36. "Losing hair" and "missing leisure activities" were identified as the most prevalent aspects of distress, whereas "missing leisure activities" and "fatigue" were rated with the highest levels of distress. "Worry about not getting well," "mucositis," "nausea," "pain from procedures and treatments," and "worry about missing school" were rated as the overall worst aspects by most adolescents. Twelve percent reached the cutoff score for potential clinical anxiety and 21% for potential clinical depression. Ratings of Mental Health and Vitality were lower than norm values. Prevalence of pain from procedures/treatments was higher among those who scored in the clinical range of depression, and more adolescents who were treated at a local hospital scored in the clinical range of anxiety. The findings show that ratings of prevalence, levels, and aspects perceived as the worst are not necessarily in accordance, that adolescents scoring in the clinical range of psychological distress are in the minority, and that the adolescents experience reduced physical and mental well-being.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2005. Vol. 27, no 1, 15-22 p.
Adaptation; Psychological, Adolescent, Anxiety/*epidemiology/psychology, Depression/epidemiology/psychology, Female, Humans, Male, Neoplasms/*psychology, Prevalence, Psychiatric Status Rating Scales, Research Support; Non-U.S. Gov't, Stress; Psychological/epidemiology/etiology
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-70327PubMedID: 15654273OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-70327DiVA: diva2:98238