uu.seUppsala University Publications
Change search
ReferencesLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Red meat consumption and risk of cancers of the proximal colon, distal colon and rectum: the Swedish Mammography Cohort
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical Sciences, Endocrine Surgery. (Gastrointestinal Surgery)
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, centrumbildningar mm , Centre for Clinical Research, County of Västmanland.
Show others and affiliations
2005 (English)In: International Journal of Cancer, ISSN 0020-7136, Vol. 113, no 5, 829-34 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Although there is considerable evidence that high consumption of red meat may increase the risk of colorectal cancer, data by subsite within the colon are sparse. The objective of our study was to prospectively examine whether the association of red meat consumption with cancer risk varies by subsite within the large bowel. We analyzed data from the Swedish Mammography Cohort of 61,433 women aged 40-75 years and free from diagnosed cancer at baseline in 1987-1990. Diet was assessed at baseline using a self-administered food-frequency questionnaire. Over a mean follow-up of 13.9 years, we identified 234 proximal colon cancers, 155 distal colon cancers and 230 rectal cancers. We observed a significant positive association between red meat consumption and risk of distal colon cancer (p for trend = 0.001) but not of cancers of the proximal colon (p for trend = 0.95) or rectum (p for trend = 0.32). The multivariate rate ratio for women who consumed 94 or more g/day of red meat compared to those who consumed less than 50 g/day was 2.22 (95% confidence interval [CI] 1.34-3.68) for distal colon, 1.03 (95% CI 0.67-1.60) for proximal colon and 1.28 (95% CI 0.83-1.98) for rectum. Although there was no association between consumption of fish and risk of cancer at any subsite, poultry consumption was weakly inversely related to risk of total colorectal cancer (p for trend = 0.04). These findings suggest that high consumption of red meat may substantially increase the risk of distal colon cancer. Future investigations on red meat and colorectal cancer risk should consider cancer subsites separately.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2005. Vol. 113, no 5, 829-34 p.
Keyword [en]
Adult, Aged, Cohort Studies, Colon, Colonic Neoplasms/epidemiology/*etiology, Comparative Study, Female, Follow-Up Studies, Humans, Meat/*adverse effects, Middle Aged, Prospective Studies, Rectal Neoplasms/epidemiology/*etiology, Rectum, Research Support; Non-U.S. Gov't, Risk Factors, Sweden/epidemiology
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-70413DOI: 10.1002/ijc.20658PubMedID: 15499619OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-70413DiVA: diva2:98324
Available from: 2006-03-22 Created: 2006-03-22 Last updated: 2009-10-29Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

No full text

Other links

Publisher's full textPubMedhttp://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?db=PubMed&cmd=Retrieve&list_uids=15499619&dopt=Citation

Search in DiVA

By author/editor
Holmberg, LarsBergkvist, Leif
By organisation
Endocrine SurgeryCentre for Clinical Research, County of Västmanland
In the same journal
International Journal of Cancer
Medical and Health Sciences

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar
The number of downloads is the sum of all downloads of full texts. It may include eg previous versions that are now no longer available

Altmetric score

Total: 170 hits
ReferencesLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link